目的 了解大学生饮酒状况,探讨其影响因素.方法 用中国疾病预防控制中心制订的《中国城市青少年健康危险行为监测问卷(大学)》,采用整群随机抽样方法,对荆州市942名在校大学生进行调查.运用多因素Logistic回归分析筛选主要影响因素.结果 大学生曾经饮酒报告率为71.5%,目前饮酒报告率54.0%,醉酒报告率30.3%,并随年级呈上升趋势.多因素Logistic回归分析结果显示,主要影响因素是发生醉酒(OR:3.892,95% CI:2.733～5.542)、目前吸烟(OR:3.035,95% CI:2.035～4.525)、自行使用安定类药物(OR:2.609,95% CI:CI1.840～3.699)、有孤独感(OR:1.216,95% CI:1.037～1.426)、独生子女(OR:1.616,95% CI:1.103～2.368)、性别(OR:0.596,95% CI:0.439～0.809).结论 保持大学生的心理健康,对某些健康危险行为进行干预,能减少大学生饮酒行为.
Objective To study the prevalence of drinking among college students and inquire into the affecting factors. Methods A stratified random cluster sample of 942 students at college in Jingzhou were investigated about drinking with the YRBS (college student) scale drawn up by china Municipal Center for Disease Control & Prevention.And they were screened for main affecting factors with multifactorial logistic regression analysis. Results The report of drinking in the past was 71.5% among college students,the report rate at present was 54.0%, the report rate of crapulence was 30.3%,and the rates increased with increase in grade.It was showed that main affecting factors were crapulence (OR:3.892,95%CI:2.733-5.422),current smoking (OR:3.035,95%CI:2.035-4.525),the use of such medicines as diazepam themselves (OR:2.609,95%CI:CI1.840-3.699),the sense of loneliness (OR:1.216,95%CI:1.037-1.426),the only child (OR:1.616,95%CI:1.103-2.368)and sex (OR:0.596,95%CI:0.439-0.809). Conclusion Drinking among college students can be decreased through safeguarding their,mental health and preventing some health-risky behavior.
China Practical Medical