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运用Delphi法制作供简易标准化病人使用的个案病历评估量表 预览 被引量:1

Assessment Rating Scales of Special Cases History for Simple Standardized Patient Made by Delphi Method
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摘要 目的:运用Delphi法制作个案病历的评估量表,在护生对简易标准化病人(Simple Standardized Patient,SSP)进行护理交谈后,供SSP对护生的交谈情况进行客观、公平与统一的评价。方法:根据特定的病历,采用Del-phi法对专家进行两轮问卷调查。结果:专家积极系数100%,专家权威系数78.54%,第一轮客观量表变异系数20.59%,主观量表变异系数16.99%,第二轮客观量表变异系数4.65%,主观量表变异系数15.93%,第一轮客观量表协调系数0.886,主观量表协调系数0.440,第二轮客观量表协调系数0.975,主观量表协调系数0.398,协调系数都有显著性,专家意见协调性好,预测结果可靠。结论:评估量表可以用Delphi法来完善,Delphi法使量表可靠有效,通过此法制作的量表可以更好的反馈教学效果。 Objective To make assessment rating scales of special cases history by Delphi method,so as to provide an objective,fair and unified evaluation method for nursing students after talking with simple standardized patients(SSP).Methods According to specific cases history,two rounds of questionnaire were carried out between nursing students and experts by Delphi method.Results The positive and authority coefficient of experts were 100% and 78.54%,respectively.The objective and subjective variation coefficient of scales were 20.59% and 16.99% in first round,which were 4.65% and 15.93% in second round,respectively.The objective and subjective coordination factor of scales were 0.886 and 0.440 in first round,which were 0.975 and 0.398 in second round,respectively.The predicting results was reliable by the concordant suggestion of experts.Conclusion Delphi method could be used to perfect assessment rating scale making it more reliable and effective,so as to promote feedback effects in teaching.
作者 李艳 曾娜 王娟 陈琼书 LI Yan,ZENG Na,WANG Juan,CHEN Qiong-shu(College of Nursing,Hubei University of Medicine,Shiyan,Hubei 442000,China)
出处 《湖北医药学院学报》 CAS 2012年第5期422-426,共5页
基金 湖北医药学院校基金项目(2009ZQN2)
关键词 护理 DELPHI法 简易标准化病人 学生 个案病历 Nursing Delphi method Simple standardized patient Student Special case history
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