期刊文献+

社会建构还是资源动员?——社团卷入与人际关系影响我国公民政治参与的网络机制研究 被引量:4

Social Construction or Political Mobilization?The Influence of Organizational Involvement and Interpersonal Relationship on Political Participation in China
收藏 分享 导出
摘要 中国的社团组织和人际关系一直以来都被认为与西方社会存在显著差异,在独特的制度、文化及组织情境性下,我国社团组织和人际关系对公民政治参与的影响及其网络机制是否具有独特的情境效应?基于CGSS 2005城乡居民样本的实证研究结果表明:社团卷入对我国公民制度化和非制度化的政治参与都有显著正向的影响,在公民政治参与中主要发挥了一般普遍性的社会建构作用;而人际网络对公民制度化的政治参与具有显著正向影响,但反向作用于公民非制度化的政治参与,在公民政治参与中发挥了独特的资源动员作用。进一步的研究表明,在对制度化政治参与的影响中,社团卷入与人际关系具有相互增强的交互作用,这拓展了现有研究中人际网络依赖于组织网络的调节机制模型。 Building on previous scholarship which has highlighted unique features of Chinese NGOs(often referred to as GONGOs)and social relationships(called Guanxi),we wonder whether the influence of organizational and interpersonal networks on Chinese political participation is also distinct from the West.In other words,this paper aims to explore the mechanisms through which social networks affect political participation in China and test the context-effects of such influences.In China,there are different forms of recognized political participation,some of which are encouraged by the government,such as grassroots-level voting,some are discouraged,such as petitioning. Through comparative analysis of the influence of organizational involvement and interpersonal relationship on different forms of political participation,this research project identifies both social construction and political mobilization as causal mechanisms.The findings based on CGSS 2005 survey data indicate that organizational involvement is positively correlated with both voting and petitioning participation.Such high coherence indicates that organizational involvement fosters individual political consciousness,which confirms the social construction effect of social organizations and coincides with findings from other countries.The results suggest that social organizations in China are less effective in constraining individual political participation than they are intended to be.Thus,besides focusing on the debates about whether Chinese social organizations are best understood through the respective lenses of civil society or state corporatism,it seems that we should pay more attention to the further consequences of personal involvement in social organizations.Furthermore,we also find that interpersonal networks positively affect grassroots-level voting(encouraged by the government)but negatively affect petitioning participation(discouraged by the government),which implies that interpersonal networks serve as channels of political mobilization for state i
作者 吴结兵 沈台凤 宋程成 Wu Jiebing;Shen Taifeng;Song Chengcheng;School of Public Affairs,Zhejiang University;School of Humanities and Social Science,The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology;
出处 《浙江大学学报:人文社会科学版》 CSSCI 北大核心 2015年第5期144-158,共15页 Journal of Zhejiang University(Humanities and Social Sciences)
基金 国家社科基金重大项目(13&ZD040) 国家社科基金项目(12BZZ045) 国家自然科学基金项目(71173183) 浙江大学社科学部2013年自主科研项目
关键词 社团卷入 人际关系 政治参与 中国情境 网络机制 organizational involvement interpersonal relationship political participation Chinese context network mechanism
  • 相关文献

共引文献1794

同被引文献55

引证文献4

投稿分析

相关作者

内容加载中请稍等...

相关机构

内容加载中请稍等...

相关主题

内容加载中请稍等...

浏览历史

内容加载中请稍等...
;
使用帮助 返回顶部 意见反馈