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语料库数据驱动的专业文本语义韵研究 预览 被引量:74

A Corpus-driven Study of Semantic Prosodies in Specialized Texts
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摘要 本文基于JDEST语科库,采用计算搭配词与随机提取词语索引两种方法研究专业文本中的语义韵.研究发现,专业文本中存在语义韵,且有自身特点:与普通文本相比,词形"cause"的消极语义氛围更为浓重;"career"的积极语义韵则隐而不露;"probability"的语义氛围则错综杂和.语义氛围弥漫并跨越整个跨距、类联接和扩展语境;词义在语境中交织、融合.另一方面,语言使用者也会故意使用异常搭配,利用语义韵冲突,以期特殊语用效果. The present paper examines the semantic prosodies in the specialized texts of JDEST Corpus, by observing behaviors of such lexical items as cause, incur, utterly, probability and career. By semantic prosody is meant the consistent aura of meaning with which a lexical item is imbued by its collocates. Studies show that some words have a strong tendency to attract, or even almost exclusively attract, a category of words which share roughly the same or similar semantic characteristics. As a result, a heavy semantic aura has been formed, which pervades through the entire span, a colligation and even an extended context. This study adopts two conventional methods to conduct the research: (1) observe the prosodic features of a node word on the basis of its significant collocates which are extracted within a defined span and established with a criterion of statistical significance and (2) extract, on a random basis, a fairly large number of concordances of a node word, and then examine the prosodic profiles of collocates with reference to colligations. The study has found, among other things, the word 'cause' has a stronger negative prosody than the case in general English texts whereas the word 'career' has a weaker or less obvious positive prosody than the case in general English texts. The study shows that lexical meanings entangle in the shared environment; one just cannot disentangle them. The present study also discusses the phenomenon of prosodic exploitation, in which an established semantic prosody is purposefully violated or flouted by language users for a special communicative effect by use of unusual collocations which present a prosodic clash.
作者 卫乃兴 WEI Nai-xing
机构地区 上海市华山路
出处 《现代外语》 CSSCI 北大核心 2002年第2期 165-175,共11页 Modern Foreign Languages
关键词 语料库 语义韵 语境 语言学 node word, positive prosody, negative prosody, mixed prosody, unusual collocations, prosodic exploitation
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参考文献12

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二级参考文献17

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