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初花期源库比变化对棉花下部“铃—叶系统”生理特征的影响 预览 被引量:17

Study on Physiological Characteristics of lower‘Boll-Leaf System’with the Changes of Source/Sink Ratios in Cotton at the Early Flowering
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摘要 对棉花初花期进行去叶和去蕾处理,研究改变棉花源库比对早期"铃-叶"系统生理状态的影响.结果表明,源库比改变明显地影响着棉叶和棉铃中蛋白质、可溶性糖和淀粉的含量,但蛋白质、可溶性糖、淀粉的含量对源库比变化的反应程度不同.减库处理可以提高叶片中蛋白质、可溶性糖和淀粉的含量,促进子棉中碳水化合物的积累,提高单铃重,并促进后期果枝叶中叶绿素的合成,延长叶片功能期,但是不利于棉子中蛋白质的合成;减源处理促进前期果枝叶中叶绿素含量,但是使后期果枝叶中叶绿素含量快速下降,表现出早衰迹象;并且减源处理不利于叶片中蛋白质的合成. With the treatments of cutting off some buds or leaves on the lower fruit branches at the early flowing, the effects of changing source/sink ratios on boll-leaf system physiological characteristics were studied in 2002-2003. But the data used in this article was mostly gained in 2003. Utilizing Bt-transgentic hybrid cotton variety CCRI 29 as material, the experiment divided into three treatments: first, picking off leaves of other nodes onthe same fruit branch (one leaf support two bolls) in 8 d after anthesis; second, taking off buds of other nodes on the same fruit branch (two or three leaves support one boll) in 8 d after anthesis; third, general training mamagement. The results of experiment indicated that the changes of source/sink ratios obviously effected the content of dissoluble protein and dissolvable sugar and starch of leaf and boll, but the trends of the changes of the content of dissoluble protein, dissolvable sugar and starch were different. Compared with the treatments of picking off leaves and CK, picking off buds can enhance the content of dissoluble protein (during July 20 - August 9), dissolvable sugar (during July 20 - August 9) and starch (during July 9 - August 1) of leaves on the lower fruit branches, and is beneficial to starch synthesis in seed. All of these contributed to the increase of boll weight. But picking off buds didn′t benefit the protein synthesis in cotton seed, the content of protein was 4.2 mg·g~(-1) and 4.3 mg·g~(-1) less than that of the trentments of picking leaves and CK. The analysis of variance showed that the different between treatments of picking off leaf and picking off buds is significant. In leaf growth prophase(before Aug.1), the content of chlorophyll by picking off leaves was the hightest. In leaves growth anaphase(after Aug.1), picking off buds boosted the chlorophyll accumulating in leaf and extended leaf function period, however, picking off leaves made the content of chlorophyll decrease rapidly that showed the sign of early aging, and reduced the co
作者 孙红春 李存东 王文新 谢志霞 朱继杰 SUN Hong-chun, LI Cun-dong, WANG Wen-xin, XIE Zhi-xia, ZHU Ji-jie (Department of Agronomy, Agricultural University of Hebei, Baoding 071001,China)
出处 《棉花学报》 CSCD 北大核心 2004年第5期 286-290,共5页 Cotton Science
基金 国家自然科学基金,河北省自然科学基金
关键词 棉花 铃-叶系统 生理 源库比 叶片 蛋白质 初花期 source/sink ratios boll-leaf system physiological characteristic cotton
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