Objective To assess the occupational stress and its influential factors in nurses. Methods A test of occupational stress,its influential factors,work ability were carried out for 248 nurses and 319 controls with revised occupational stress inventory(OSI-R) and work ability index(WAI). Results The scores of personal cope resource(131.266±17.176) and work ability index(32.581± 3.158) in nurse group were significantly higher than those in control group(126.931±19.108,31.840±4.069)(P<0.05).The main occupational stressors scores(role insufficiency,role clash,and responsibility) in nurses were higher than those in controls(P<0.05).The stress response of interpersonal relationship in nurses was also higher.The items of personal cope resource,such as recreation,self-care and social support of nurses were superior to those of controls(P<0.05).Stress response was positively correlated with occupational role(r=0.512,P<0.01),and negatively correlated with the personal cope resource(r=-0.475,P<0.01).The primary influential factors of personal stress were recreation,social support,rational conduct,role insufficiency,role clash,responsibility,and poor work environment. Conclusion To strengthen social support,to improve work condition for nurses,so as to reduce the occupational stress and to enhance the work ability of nurses are important task in occupational health field.
Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases