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骨微结构与骨质疏松性骨折 预览 被引量:12

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摘要 2000年美国国立卫生研究院召开的关于骨质疏松的预防、诊断和治疗的大会把骨质疏松症定义为"以骨强度下降而易于骨折为特征的骨骼系统疾病"[1].骨质疏松症严重影响公众,尤其是老年人的健康.其发病率高,随着人类寿命的延长,社会的老龄化,这一问题更是日益突出,倍受关注.骨质疏松症的严重危害是并发骨折即骨质疏松性骨折,其主要包括椎体骨折、桡骨远端骨折及股骨近端骨折.其中,股骨近端骨质疏松性骨折又因其可致残致死,而严重影响生活质量.骨质疏松性骨折的防治已成为了全世界关注的课题.骨质疏松性骨折是由于骨强度下降所致.目前已知的影响骨强度的因素主要有:骨量、骨微结构、骨的几何形状、皮质骨厚度和多孔程度、骨组织构成材料的内在性能等[2].本文主要阐述骨微结构及其与骨质疏松性骨折的关系.
作者 李朵 魏启幼
出处 《中国骨质疏松杂志》 CAS 2004年第4期 519-522,共4页 Chinese Journal of Osteoporosis
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参考文献30

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二级参考文献42

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