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中国的生态空间占用研究 预览 被引量:132

EVALUATION OF NATURAL CAPITAL UTILIZATION WITH ECOLOGICAL FOOTPRINT IN CHINA
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摘要 生态空间占用是由生态经济学家提出的一种衡量人类对自然资源的利用程度以及自然界为人类提供的生命支持服务功能的方法.它根据维持人类的自然资源消费量和同化人类产生的废弃物所需要的生产性空间进行估算.并与给定区域实际生物承载力进行比较,衡量区域的可持续发展状况.该文评估了中国自然资产利用的生态空间占用状况.计算结果表明,中国人均占用生态空间为1.848hm2,中国实际人均生物承载力为0.65 hm2,有1.198 hm2的生态空间赤字.这一结果大致可以反映我国的自然资产利用状况,说明我国目前的人均生态空间占用已超出实际可利用的生物承载能力. Ecological footprint is a useful indicator for measuring the pressure imposed by human on natural capital and offering real bio capacity within given region or country. This method tracks natural resources consumption of a nation or a region and translates them into biologically productive area, which is required to produce the resources and to assimilate the wastes. It is also a powerful indicator for regional sustainability. With ecological footprint method, the current situation of natural resources utilization in China is assessed in this paper. The results show that, the ecological footprint demand per capita in China is 1 848hm 2 and there exists 0 65hm 2 biological productive space for per capita to use. Obviously, China has 1 198 hm 2 ecological deficit per capita.
作者 谢高地 鲁春霞 成升魁 郑度 XIE Gao di,LU Chun xia,CHENG Sheng kui , ZHENG Du (Institute of Geographical and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing,100101, China)
出处 《资源科学》 CSSCI CSCD 北大核心 2001年第6期 20-23,共4页 Resources Science
基金 国家重点基础研究发展计划(973计划),中国科学院"百人计划",中国科学院知识创新工程项目
关键词 中国 生态空间占用 生态足迹 自然资产利用 生态经济学 生物承载能力 Ecological appropriation Ecological footprint Natural capital utilization
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