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阅读困难儿童工作记忆研究的新进展 预览 被引量:10

Progress in Studies on Working Memory in Children with Reading Disabilities
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摘要 工作记忆是一种对信息进行暂时加工和贮存的能量有限的记忆系统,在许多复杂的认知活动中起重要作用.研究表明,阅读困难与工作记忆缺陷密切相关,阅读困难儿童都存在语音回路功能缺陷以及中央执行器功能等方面的缺陷.今后研究将以整体的、发展的视角,不断改进研究方法,将行为研究和神经加工机制研究相结合,进一步探明阅读困难工作记忆缺陷的深层原因. Studies on working memory in learning disabilities indicated that, children with reading disabilities suffer deficits related to the phonological loop (i.e., the inefficient accessing of phonological representation), and the central executive (i.e., capacity limitations in controlled attention processing). In other words, working memory deficits are fundamental problems of children and adults with learning disabilities. Combining with multi-approaches, future research seems to further explore why these working memory deficits result in learning disabilities.
作者 王恩国 刘昌 WANG En-guo, LIU ChangEducation Research Institute, Henan University, Kaifeng 475001, China
出处 《中国临床心理学杂志》 2005年第1期 118-121,共4页 Chinese Journal of Clinical Psychology
基金 全国高等学校优秀博士学位论文作者专项基金,国家自然科学基金
关键词 阅读困难 儿童 工作记忆 记忆系统 暂时 新进展 机制研究 存在 有限 整体 Working memory Rreading disabilities Phonological loop Visuospatial sketch pad Central executive
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