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词及词义心理研究——对心理词典论的考察 预览 被引量:26

Psychological Research on Words and their Meanings A Survey of the Mental Lexicon Theory
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摘要 词及词义是语言学研究的一项重要内容.本文以心理词典论为聚焦点,探讨词的知识、心理词典的组织、层次网络模型、激活扩散模型、词的通达、词的生成模型、序列检索模型和群集模型,同时指出以上诸种研究方法的诸种缺陷以及我们在词及词义研究中需要顾及的有些认知方面的相关问题. Words are the building blocks of language, and their meanings are the indispensable elements of linguistic communication. Linguists in history have never ever stopped exploring the nature of words, their meanings and the semantic relationship between and among words. However, words and their meanings are just like the black hole in universe. They seem to be approachable, but never obtainable. Their complexities and delicacies have baffled generations of linguists. In the past century, words and their meanings have been studied from angles of referentialism, ideationalism, behaviorism, contexualism, structuralism, formalism or logical form, but these approaches turn out to be not wholly successful. Recently, researchers have developed a strong and an increasing awareness that the investigation of words and their meanings purely from these perspectives cannot completely reveal the nature of words, their lexical meanings and their semantic interrelationships. Therefore, they have started to shift their research focus to the relationship between words and mind with a view to bringing out the mental representations and organizations of words, the processes of the lexical search for words stored in mind and the mental interconnection of words. What they have observed is that there is a mental lexicon in human brain. To put it in another way, words that are stored in mind are somewhat like those in a dictionary. They are systematically organized. Once activated, they become retrievable. The organization of words in mind and their properties encompass words, their forms, their meanings, their phonology and their semantic interrelationships. The mental organization and property of words also include the mechanisms for identifying, producing and retrieving words from memory. By concentrating on the Mental Lexicon Theory, this paper aims to discuss the word knowledge, the organization of mental lexicon, the hierarchical network model, the spreading activation model, the processes of the lexical access, t
作者 王文斌 WANG Wen-bin International Colleage, Ningbo U, Ningbo 315211, P.R, China
机构地区 宁波大学
出处 《现代外语》 CSSCI 北大核心 2002年第4期 423-433,共11页 Modern Foreign Languages
基金 浙江省教育厅资助项目
关键词 词义研究 语言学研究 心理词典 激活扩散模型 通达 认知 焦点 层次 生成 内容 word, lexical meanings, psychological research, the Mental Lexicon Theory
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