This thesis focuses on the occultism of the symbolist poet Yeats to analyze his symbolist poetic theory and to show the important influence of the occult thoughts on his poetic theory and his poetic creation. Yeats, just as other symbolists, considers the world symbolic, and for him 'symbol' is not merely the method of literary creation, but also an important way to understand the world. The purpose can be achieved when it is apperceived by instinctive intuition with the aid of 'synaesthesia' The symbolist poets, who are good at using 'symbols', shoulder the sacred duty of transmitting the secrets of the universe. Through his various occult experiences, Yeats has done some deep probing and meticulous studies on many important artistic principles of poetry. He emphasizes the essentiality of the poetic rhythm which works on the readers in the way that hypnogenesis does. Yeats affirms the function of poetic images from his 'magic' point of view. He also pays attention to the action of the sensibilities and intelligence in poetry. The study of magic is reflected in Yeats' poetic creation, too. The symbolist theory of Yeats agrees with the basic rules of aesthetics on poetry.
Foreign Literature Studies