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南昌市1985-2002年流行性乙型脑炎流行病学特征分析 被引量:5

Epidemiologic Analysis of Japanese B Encephalitis in Nanchang During 1985-2002
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摘要 目的了解南昌市流行性乙型脑炎(乙脑)的流行情况,为有效控制乙脑提供科学依据.方法分析南昌市1985~2002年乙脑的流行病学特征.结果南昌市乙脑发病率总体呈下降趋势,自1991年乙脑疫苗纳入计划免疫管理后,乙脑发病率逐年下降,发病数农村明显多于城区,发病呈明显的夏秋季高峰,发病多为10岁以下儿童.结论防制乙脑应采取以预防接种及灭蚊、防蚊为主的综合性预防措施.预防接种的重点为农村地区10岁以下儿童. Objective To understand the epidemic situation of Japanese B Encephalitis (JE) in Nanchang and provide scientific evidences for controlling JE effectively. Methods The epidemiologic characteristics of JE in Nanchang during 1985-2002 was analyzed. Results The results showed that the overall JE incidence appeared downtrend in Nanchang and decreased year by year since 1991 when JE was incorporated into the expanded program on immunization management,the number of JE cases in rural areas was more than that in urban areas,the incidence peak was during Summer and Autumn obviously,and most of the JE cases were among the children under 10 years old. Conclusion The general prevention measures mainly by killing mosquito,preventing mosquito, and vaccination in JE prevention should be adopted.The main target of vaccination should be among the children under 10 years old.
作者 廖征 范义兵 黎健 LIAO Zheng,FAN Yi-bing,LI Jian.(Nanchang Sanitary and Anti-epidemic Station,Nan chang 330006,China)
出处 《中国计划免疫》 2005年第1期48-50,共3页 Chinese Journal of Vaccines and Immunization
关键词 流行性乙型脑炎 流行病学特征 Japanese B Encephalitis Epidemiologic characteristics
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