Objective To understand the epidemic situation of Japanese B Encephalitis (JE) in Nanchang and provide scientific evidences for controlling JE effectively. Methods The epidemiologic characteristics of JE in Nanchang during 1985-2002 was analyzed. Results The results showed that the overall JE incidence appeared downtrend in Nanchang and decreased year by year since 1991 when JE was incorporated into the expanded program on immunization management,the number of JE cases in rural areas was more than that in urban areas,the incidence peak was during Summer and Autumn obviously,and most of the JE cases were among the children under 10 years old. Conclusion The general prevention measures mainly by killing mosquito,preventing mosquito, and vaccination in JE prevention should be adopted.The main target of vaccination should be among the children under 10 years old.
Chinese Journal of Vaccines and Immunization
Japanese B Encephalitis