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湖南省安仁县32年流行性乙型脑炎流行特征的研究 预览

An Analysis of Epidemioiogic Features of Japanese Encephalitis During the Past 32 Years in Anren County
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摘要 目的了解湖南省安仁县1972~2003年乙脑的动态变化趋势及其流行病学特征.方法对安仁县1972~2003年间的乙脑疫情监测资料进行整理建立数据库,用SPSS10.0统计软件包进行X2等统计学检验.结果湖南省安仁县1972~2003年乙脑发病率差异有显著性(X2=456.5,P<0.01),年平均发病率为7.62/10万;学龄前儿童占总病例数的83.75%;乙脑发病具有明显季节性,7、8月是发病的高峰月,占全年病例数的83.71%. 结论乙脑疫苗的免疫接种对预防和控制乙脑的发生起重要作用,且已取得显著成效,但仍需加强对学龄前儿童的计划免疫. Objective To study the variation of trend in the incidence and epidemiological characteristics of Japanese encephalitis(JE) during the period from 1972 to 2003. Methods Database of epidemic situation of Japanese encephalitis during 1972~2003 in Anren County were established and analyzed by SPPS 10.0 software. Results The differences of the inter-year incidence were significant(χ 2=456.5, P<0.01) , and the mean incidence rate of JE was 7.62/10 5; The children aged from 0~5 were major subject population attacked by JE. There were obviously seasonal differences, the disease occurred most frequently from July through August. Conclusion The inoculation of JE vaccine is an effective control measure, the planned vaccination of children aged from 0~5 is never overemphasized.
作者 李成华 谭徽 张群力 凡秀吉 黄民主 陈伟 谭梅娟 LI Cheng-hua, TAN Hui, ZHANG Qun-li, et al.(Center for Disease Control and Prevention of Anren County, Anren 423600, China)
出处 《实用预防医学》 CAS 2005年第2期 293-295,共3页 Practical Preventive Medicine
关键词 流行病学 流行性乙型脑炎 发病率 监测 动态变化 Epidemiology Japanese encephalitis Incidence rate Surveillance Dynamics
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