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海南省流行性乙型脑炎病例监测系统建立及流行病学调查 预览 被引量:8

Evaluation of establishment of epidemic encephalitis B case monitoring system and epidemiological survey
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摘要 目的掌握海南省流行性乙型脑炎(以下简称乙脑)疫情动态,分析乙脑疫情报告质量,评价监测系统建立效果.方法建立乙脑病例专报监测系统,收集历年乙脑疫情资料及建立监测系统后乙脑病例监测资料,分析乙脑监测病例的流行病学特征.结果海南省近年乙脑发病疫情仍呈周期性,2003年为发病高峰年;监测系统建立后,2001~2003年全省共监测到疑似病例5l例,经实验室确诊19例(2001年确诊0例),呈高度散发,发病季节仍为5~7月,皆无明确乙脑疫苗免疫史.结论乙脑病例监测系统能大幅度提高了乙脑病例监测的敏感性、及时性,有效的降低了漏报率、误诊率,并加强了监测,提高乙脑疫苗接种率,能有效地控制乙脑疫情. Objective To accurately master epidemical situation of epidemic encephalitis B (Abbreviated Encephalitis B)and to analyze status on cases reporting and establishment surveillance system. Methods A surveillance-system of Encephalitis B was established. Encephalitis B situation data of over the years and case-surveyed data after establishment of surveillance-system has been collected to analyze epidemic encephalitis B cases' characters. Results In recent years in Hainan, encephalitis B also occurred periodically and reached the peak in 2003 years; 50 suspectable cases including 19 experimentation-diagnosed definitely cases were surveyed after the establishment of surveillance-system (no case was diagnosed in 2001 year). The 19 diagnosed cases happened dispersedly in 5~7 month with no immunity history. Conclusion The surveillance sensitivity has been improved to a great extent and the cases have been reported in time. Encephalitis B infection can be controlled effectively through improving encephalitis B vaccine inoculation rate and strengthening surveillance.
作者 曾雪霞 孙莲英 邓海英 朱坚 陈海云 马焱 符振旺 林春燕 ZENG Xue-xia, SUN Lian-ying, DENG Hai-ying, et al. (Hainan Provincial Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Haikou 570203, Hainan, P. R. China)
出处 《中国热带医学》 CAS 2005年第3期 423-425,共3页 China Tropical Medicine
关键词 流行性乙型脑炎 流行病学 海南 监测系统 疫情 Epidemic encephalitis B Surveillance Epidemiology Analyze
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  • 1迮文远主编..计划免疫学[M],2001:635.

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