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农村剩余劳动力转移理论研究述评 预览 被引量:24

The Commentary on Theory of Surplus Labor-force Shift in the Countryside
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摘要 目前对于农村剩余劳动力转移的研究很多,国内外学者对农村剩余劳动力问题的界定,归纳起来有城乡预期收入差异和城市就业概率标准、国际标准模型法、农业技术需要法等六种方法.西方发展经济学家依据二元经济结构理论对人口转移的研究形成了刘易斯的二元经济模型、拉尼斯-费景汉模型、乔根森模型、托达罗人口流动模型等.国内外学者在应用这些发展经济学理论模型的基础上,提出了农村剩余劳动力的就地转移、异地转移、多元复合转移等模式,评述这些不同观点,有利于从理论上丰富我国农村经济学的研究内容,在实践中促进农村经济的发展. There are many studies about the surplus labor-force shift in countryside at present and the standard of the quantity relative ratio of surplus labor in countryside was summed up into 6 measures by foreign scholars: the difference of expected income in urban and rural areas and standard of employment rate in cities, the measure of international standard model, the measure of agricultural technology needs and so on. According to the theory of dual economic structure, the western economists of development economics have established dual economic model by W. A. Lewis, Fei-Rain Model, Dale W. Jorgenson Model, Population Flows Model by M. P. Tordro and so on. Based on the theory model of development economics, the domestic scholars pointed out the model of the shift on the spot, the model of the shift at off-site and the pluralist multiplex model and other models about the surplus labor in countryside. Discussing these different ideas is good for enriching the studies of rural economics in theory and promoting the development of rural economy in practice in our country.
作者 惠宁 HUI Ning (School of Economics and Management, Northwest University, Xi′an 710069,China)
出处 《西北大学学报:哲学社会科学版》 CSSCI 北大核心 2005年第4期 45-49,共5页 Journal of Northwest University(Philosophy and Social Sciences Edition)
基金 国家社会科学基金
关键词 农村 劳动力 转移 countryside labor-force shift
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