期刊文献+

广西壮族自治区城乡居民精神疾病流行病学调查 预览 被引量:22

EPIDEMIOLOGICAL SURVEY ON MENTAL DISORDERS IN URBAN AND RURAL IN GUANGXI ZHUANG AUTONOMOUS REGION,CHINA
在线阅读 免费下载
收藏 分享 导出
摘要 目的:了解广西壮族自治区≥15岁城乡居民各类精神疾病的患病水平和分布特征。方法:2007年7~12月采用多阶段分层整群抽样方法随机抽取广西6个地级市和10个县21 290名≥15岁的居民为调查对象进行入户调查。以中国疾病预防控制中心精神卫生中心提供的中文版的复合性国际诊断问卷(CIDI 3.0)为筛查工具,以国际疾病及相关健康问题分类第10版(ICD-10)为诊断标准。结果:完成调查18 219人,调查完成率为85.58%。精神疾病总时点患病率和总终生患病率分别为2.16%和2.54%。按终生患病率高低排列,广西前3位特定精神疾病是精神分裂症(0.98%)、重性抑郁(0.53%)和酒精依赖(0.45%)。总终生患病率城市(2.31%)低于农村(2.68%),但差异无统计学意义(RR=0.86,95%CI=0.71~1.04,P=0.117);女性(1.96%)低于男性(3.10%),差异有统计学意义(RR=0.63,95%CI=0.52~0.76,P=0.000);壮族(3.12%)高于汉族(2.26%),差异有统计学意义(RR=1.40,95%CI=1.15~1.70,P=0.001)。结论:精神分裂症、重性抑郁和酒精依赖是广西最常见的精神疾病;农村、男性和壮族人群的精神疾病患病率较高。精神疾病已成为广西重大的公共卫生问题,应针对其开展防治与康复研究工作。 Objective:To investigate the prevalence and distribution of mental disorders among people aged 15 years and older in urban and rural in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region.Methods:From July,2007 to December,2007,21 290 subjects aged 15 years and older were randomly selected for 6 prefecture-level cities and 10 counties by stratified multi-stage cluster sampling method.All subjects were investigated by face to face interview.The Chinese version of Composite International Diagnostic Interview(CIDI3.0) Provided by the Chinese Center for Disease Control And Prevention was used as the screening tool and the diagnoses were made with the 10th edition of international classfication of Disease Criternia.Results:A total of 18 219 subjects completed the screening,the completion rate was 85.58%.The general point prevalence was 2.16%,and the general lifetime prevalence was 2.54%.Ordered by lifetime prevalence rate,the most common specific disorders were major schizophrenia(0.98%),depression disorder(0.53%) and alcohol dependence disorder(0.45%).The general lifetime prevalence was higher in rural(2.68%) than in urban(2.31%),but the result showed no significant difference [RR=0.86,95%CI=0.71~1.04,P=0.117],higher in men(3.10%) than in women(1.96%) [RR=0.63,95%CI=0.52~0.76,P=0.000] and higher in Zhuang(3.12%) than in Han(2.26%) [RR=1.40,95%CI=1.15~1.70,P=0.001].Conclusion:Schizophrenia,depression disorder,alcohol dependence disorder are the most common mental disorders and have become the public health problem in Guangxi.Thus,it is necessary to carry out targeted research in prevention and rehabilitation.
作者 韦波 陈强 冯启明 潘润德 陈秋明 黄国光 唐峥华 唐海宁 苏莉 陈娜萦 陈发钦 黎火佳 Wei Bo,Chen Qiang,Feng Qiming,et al.(Public Health College,Guangxi Medical University,Nanning 530021 China)
出处 《广西医科大学学报》 CAS 2010年第6期,共6页 Journal of Guangxi Medical University
基金 国家自然科学基金项目(No.30660051) 广西科学研究与技术开发计划项目(No.桂科软0663002-17)
关键词 精神疾病 患病率 横断面调查 mental disorders prevalence cross-sectional investigation
  • 相关文献

参考文献9

二级参考文献56

共引文献546

同被引文献2966

引证文献22

二级引证文献135

投稿分析

相关作者

内容加载中请稍等...

相关机构

内容加载中请稍等...

相关主题

内容加载中请稍等...

浏览历史

内容加载中请稍等...
;
使用帮助 返回顶部 意见反馈