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探索支持学习者获得成功的途径 被引量:24

Exploring the channel of supporting students successful
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摘要 远程教育学习者获得成功的关键是能够在学习的困惑中获取包括院校、教师、家庭、雇主、朋友等多方面的支持,赢得自主学习的动力和学习的能力.本文提供了支持者的策略研究,从学习者的需求出发,在教学与非教学领域进行有益的探索,阐释远程教育支持服务的内涵. Distance education institutions usually consist of sub-system of designing, developing and delivering teaching resources, sub-system of interactive teaching and learning, sub-system of management for teaching and learning implementation, and sub-system of student support. The sub-system of student support relates closely to the students' retention and teaching outcome. The upgrade of students' intelligence, emotion and organizing skill require strong support from the institutions and tutors.The author takes the view that successful student support should contain two respects: academic support and non-academic support. The purpose of offering academic support lies in helping students to acquire knowledge in the course materials and develop learning skill. The main content of academic support is teaching tutorials. The responsibility of the tutor is to help students solve problems. In academic support activities, we have to adhere to the concept of student-focus principle and try to change the traditional teaching style. Non-academic support contains offering information, consultation and exploration. Non-academic support comes from institutions, tutors, students' families, friends, classmates and employers, etc. Student support can be offered via multi-media to facilitate students in personal development and problem-solving capability.The author further elaborates the exploration and practice of student support in the Open University of UK. The Open University has developed trial learning packages to help students to select appropriate courses. The university is keeping contact with the students at the four critical moments to maintain students' retention and it lays emphasis on timely feedback. Apart from that, they offer the students not only with professional support through experts, but also general support from the region. At the end of this article, the author introduces the readers with quality assessment criteria to guarantee quality of student support.
作者 奥蒙德·辛普森 李亚婉 Ormond Simpson
机构地区 英国开放大学
出处 《中国远程教育》 北大核心 2005年第09S期13-14,共2页 Distance Education in China
作者简介 奥蒙德·辛普森(Ormond Simpson)先生曾是英国开放大学教育指导与学生支持中心的主任,具有25年的开发、研究、实践学生支持服务的经验。在调入英国开放大学之前,奥蒙德·辛普森先生曾在非洲、美国和英国几所大学任教。他调入英国开放大学的教育技术研究所后,专门从事开放大学的热点课题研究,任高级讲师。奥蒙德·辛普森先生发表过许多有关远程教育理论与实践的研究论文和论著,其中25篇论文曾在一些具有影响的匿名评审刊物上发表,《对在线、开放、远程学习学生的支持》和《在线、开放、远程学习学生维持率的问题》两部论著受到学术界的普遍好评。他曾经参与过英国伦敦大学、欧洲函授学校、印度英迪拉·甘地国立开放大学远程教育硕士学位课程的编写工作,主要提供有关学生支持服务方面的素材。他还曾担任国际扩展学院和西印度群岛大学的顾问,并为远程教育工作者制作过一些具有指导性的视频培训节目。
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