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我国农村剩余劳动力流动的特点和规律 被引量:1

Characteristics and Laws of Flow of Surplus Laborers in Rural Areas in China
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摘要 我国农村剩余劳动力流动,具有在流径性方面以自下而上流动为主,在流域性方面以制度内流动为主,在流时性方面由滞后变超前和职业转换在先,在流向性方面以乡镇企业导流和城市冗员顶托,在流体性方面素质较高而报酬较低,在流态性方面变速不居和似流非流的特点.农村劳力最终剩余同经济发展水平和人均可开发经营的非耕地面积成反比,剩余劳力在可链性渠道的流量分布与构成链体渠道的层次结构的演化递进相干,是我国剩余劳力的流动规律. The flow of the surplus laborers in present rural areas in China, has got several characteristics as follows, in respect of the pertaining to the floating route, it mainly flows from below; of floating area, it gives first place to be flowing under the control of systems; of floating time, there is a phenomenon from lagging behind to going ahead and professional change comes first; of floating direction, Some surplus laborers from countryside flow into village and township enterprises, and while some flow into cities, they are seriously prevented and impacted by the urban redundant laborers; of main flowing body, the laborers are of high qualities, yet of low salaries; of floating state, the speed is unstable with the character of speciousness. The rural laborers ultimate surplus is inversely proportional to the standard of economic development as well as per capita area of uncultivated farmland getting access to being under the exploitation and management; the surplus laborers are related to evolution and progressively increasing forming chain channel layers in aspect of the flow distribution of the channel that can be chained; and it is the regular pattern of flowing to the surplus laborers in our country.
作者 黎育松 LI Yu-song (Department of Social Sciences, Xianning University, Xianning Hubei 437100, China)
机构地区 咸宁学院社科部
出处 《中南民族大学学报:人文社会科学版》 CSSCI 北大核心 2005年第6期 84-88,共5页 Journal of South-Central University for Nationalities:Humanities and Social Science
基金 湖北省教育厅社会科学基金
关键词 农村剩余劳力 流动 特点 规律 surplus laborers flow characteristic law
作者简介 黎育松(1950-),男,湖北省通城县人,咸宁学院教授,主要研究政治经济学原理和社会主义经济理论。
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