The soil stress, anchoring segment stress and foundation pit side displacement are researched by large-scale indoor model test during construction process of a foundation pit. The result indicates that when the foundation pit is excavated, the soil stress state near the foundation pit wall changes obviously; the stress of anchoring segment of bolt appears distribution of nonlinearly decreasing gradually; The side displacement of foundation pit takes on the tendency increased with going on of construction process. On the basis of model test, anchoring and deformation mechanism of soil bolt are discussed. The conclusion is that an integral mechanical model which includes the soil around the foundation pit and bolt etc., should be established with considering construction process. Thus the stress field and displacement field surrounding the foundation pit can be calculated accurately.
Rock and Soil Mechanics
anchor bolt supporting