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WHO生存质量评估简表的等价性评价 预览 被引量:205

The Equivalence of WHOQOL-BREF among 13 Culture Versions
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摘要 目的:评价WHO生存质量评估简表(WHOQOL-BREF)在13个国家的等价性。方法:采用多组验证性因子分析方法,对世界卫生组织生存质量研究小组提供的13个国家的数据进行分析,评价WHOQOL-BREF不同国家的等价性。结果:各个国家的各个领域的Cronbachd系数均大于0.7,分布在0.7至0.88之间。除了英国和挪威之外,其它国家的社会关系领域的Cronbachd系数均大于0.65。采用根据世界卫生组织生存质量研究小组研制量表时构建的四因子模型对数据分别进行拟合,拟合优度指数(CFI)均大于0.8,其中德国、西班牙和美国的拟合优度指数大于0.9。多组验证性因子分析发现模型拟合尚可,CFI等于0.88,各个国家的因子负荷不全相等,因子负荷的轮廓相似。结论:WHOQOL-BREF在13个国家具有相同的因子结构,且有等价性。 Objective: To test the equivalence of WHOQOL-BREF among 13 country versions. Methods: Multi-group confirmatory factor analysis was used to examine the equivalence of WHOQOL-BREF across 13 centers. The data used to test the equivalence of WHOQOL-BREF was collected by 13 centers in their own studies. Results: All of the Cronbach alpha values for the domains of physical, psychological, and environmental in each center were above 0.7, ranging from 0. 7 to 0. 88. Most of the Cronbach alpha values for the social relationship domain were above 0. 65 except that of the United Kingdom and Norway centers, which were 0. 39 and 0. 51 respectively. A four-domain structure was constructed according to the WHOQOL publications. The model was fitted for the 13 centers'data, respectively. The CFI (the comparative fit index) was well above 0. 8. Germany, Spain and United States were the centers where, the CFI was above 0.9. Multi-sample analyses were then carried out. The CFI was 0. 88 and the results indicated that not all the corresponding loadings were equal across the 13 centers but the differences were small and the factor loadings'profiles were similar. Conclusions: WHOQOL-BREF is equivalent across the 13 different centers and the outcome assessed by it is comparable.
作者 郝元涛 方积乾 Power MJ 吴少敏 朱淑明 HAO Yuan-Tao, FANG Ji-Qian, Power MJ, et al.( School of Public Health, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510080 University of Edinburgh, United Kingdom)
出处 《中国心理卫生杂志》 CSSCI CSCD 北大核心 2006年第2期 71-75,共5页 Chinese Mental Health Journal
基金 欧盟第五个科技框架计划(项目缩写:WH0Q0L-0LD.合同号:QLK6-CT-2000-00320)[国家科技部配套资助].2.广东省医学科学技术研究基金(项目批准号:A2003147).
关键词 生存质量 心理测量学研究 WHOQOL 验证性因子分析 跨文化 quality of life psychometrics study WHOQOL confirmatory factor analysis cross-cuhure
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参考文献15

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