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要素积累、政府政策与我国城乡收入差距 预览 被引量:15

Factor Accumulation, Government Policies and the Income Disparity between Urban and Rural Areas
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摘要 形成城乡收入差距既有城乡要素积累差异的原因,又有政府政策的作用,本文综合考察了这两类因素对我国城乡收入差距的影响。基于1987~2003年省级面板数据的估计结果显示,基础教育的普及对于改善城乡收入差距具有显著正面作用.而资金和高水平人力资本向城市集聚则会显著扩大城乡收入差距.这很大程度上是城乡要素积累差异作用的结果。另一方面,城市化明显地缩小了城乡收入差距,对外开放和政府参与经济活动程度的扩大则都拉大了城乡收入差距,财政支出的结构对城乡收入差距有一定的影响,这体现了政府政策的效应。另外.产业结构的升级扩大了城乡收入差距,而非国有化以及金融的发展对城乡收入差距的解释力较弱。 The income disparity between the urban and rural areas: can be attributed to their different factor accumulation and the function of the government policies. This paper takes a comprehensive look at the impact of the two factors on the income disparity. An estimate based on the panel data collected between 1987~2003 in the province indicates that the popularization of the basic education can help to reduce the income disparity significantly while the concentration of capital and highly-skilled human resources in the city can aggravate the disparity largely due to the different factor accumulation. On the other hand, urbanization narrows the income gap remarkably while the open door policy and the expanded governmental role in economic activities widens the gap. The structure of fiscal expenditure also has some effect on the income disparity. Such a phenomenon is indicative of the effect of the government policies. In addition, the enterprise sector upgrading of the industrial structure increases the income disparity whereas the growth of the non-state and financial sector can not effectively account for the income disparity.
作者 陆云航 LU Yun-hang (Peking University Beijing China, 100871)
出处 《当代财经》 CSSCI 北大核心 2006年第4期 5-13,共9页 Contemporary Finance & Economics
关键词 基础教育 政府政策 城乡差距 面板数据 basic education government policy disparity between urban and rural areas panel data
作者简介 陆云航.北京大学经济学院2003级博士生,主要研究方向为当代西方经济理论。
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