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国内外城市空间结构研究综述 预览 被引量:24

A Review on the Study of Urban Spatial Structure Home and Abroad
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摘要 回顾了国内外城市空间结构研究的理论进展,主要评述了不同历史时期研究的主要内容和理论观点。国外研究经历的形态研究、功能研究、人文关怀到空间机制的研究,反映出国外空间结构理论体系的日益完善:相比之下,国内自20世纪90年代中期以来,城市空间结构的研究热点才不断增多,研究内容更加丰富多样。但在学科建设、研究内容和研究方法上,国内外仍然存在较大差距。最后提出了中国城市空间结构研究的发展方向和研究热点。 Introducing the concept of urban spatial structure, the study course of urban spatial structure home and abroad is reviewed, and the main contents studied, and the theory and viewpoints in different periods are commented. An important economic background to the establishment of urban spatial theory abroad is market economy under free competition. The study has experienced the stages of morphologic study, function study, human care and spatial mechanism study, which reflects that the overseas theory system of urban spatial structure is getting mature ; As compared with that, before reform and opening to the outside world, the urbanization in China was always under the guidance of planned economy, the regularity was not obvious, the particularity of urban development was stronger than the generality of that. Therefore, urban development did not have a fixed pattern. After 1980s, with the transition from planned economy to market economy, urban development has followed a certain objective law. A systematical research situation has gradually come into being in China. According to the difference of the studied emphasis, the study process can be approximately divided into three stages : 1 ) in the 1980s Chinese traditional urban study was conducted; 2) from late 1980s to middle 1990s different dimensions of urban spatial structure were studied; 3) since the middle 1990s, the study has mainly focused on urban spatial dynamic mechanism, spatial evolution, urban fringe area, suburbanization and so on. However, compared with that abroad, the study in China still has a long way to go. It is considered that the advanced ideas, experience and patterns of urban study in other countries could be made use of for reference in China on the basis of combination with the practice of home urban development.
作者 靳美娟 张志斌 JIN Mei-juan, ZHANG Zhi-bin(1Department of Geography Science and Environment Engineering, Baoji University of Arts and Science, Baoji 721007, China; 2. College of Geographical and Environmental Science, Northwest Normal University, Lanzhou 730070, China )
出处 《热带地理》 2006年第2期 134-138,172,共6页 Tropical Geography
基金 国家社会科学基金项目(04XJL003) 国家自然科学基金项目(40235053)
关键词 城市空间结构 城市形态 相互作用 Urban spatial structure Urban form Interaction
作者简介 靳美娟(1978-),女,陕西临潼人,硕士,讲师,研究方向为城市地理,偏重于城市空间结构研究,(E-mail)jmj61@163.com。
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