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社会化小农:解释当今农户的一种视角 预览 被引量:157

The Socialized Household Farmers: A Visual Angle to Today's Farmers
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摘要 农户是认识农业、农村、农民的钥匙,是理解和分析小农社会的基础。理论匮乏和现实需求呼唤对当今中国农户进行“再认识”,并以此为基点建构分析框架。从经营规模看,中国农民本质上仍然属于小农,但已被卷入或融入到一个高度开放的社会化体系中间,社会化水平之高史无前例。传统的经典小农学派已难以充分解释现代农民的动机与行为模式,需要建构新的小农理论范式。当今中国农村和农民处于一个社会化程度高、经营规模相对较小,且将长期存在的“社会化小农”时期,它有别于传统小农、商品小农和理性小农。这一时期是农户内部急剧变化,农民打破思维定势、突破身份歧视、冲破地域束缚,演化成为社会化、公民化的国民体系成员,获取国民待遇的关键时期。“社会化小农”的性质、时期、形态定位,将为政府对农民国民待遇的制度安排、农村社会化服务体系建设等政策选择提供充分的理论依据。 The household farmer is the key of recognizing argrieulture.eountryside and farmers. The lack of theories and the demand of reality call for re-recognizing Chinese household farmers, and to build a frame by this basic urre. From the operating scale, Chinese farmers are still small household farmers. But they have been drawn in to or involved in highly~opened socialized system, which were never happened before. The motivation and behavior couldn't be explained by traditional classical farmers' currency, and a new frame of small household farmers is needed. For today's countryside and farmers being in a time of highlysoeialized, smaller-sealed and "small soeialized household farmers" , they are different from traditional farmers, commodity farmers and rational farmers. It's a time of rapid inner-change of household, breaking up farmers' regular currency, a time of breakthrough in farmers' status discrimination and currency band, and it's also a time of farmers' becoming socialized and eitizenlized. The quality, period, shape orientation of "Socialized household farmers" will become the theory currency on of systerm arrangement in citizen treating, eoutryside-soeialized service and so on.
作者 徐勇 邓大才 Xu Yong , Deng Dacai
出处 《学术月刊》 CSSCI 北大核心 2006年第7期 5-13,共9页 Academic Monthly
基金 教育部哲学社会科学重大招标攻关课题“我国农村和农民问题研究”(03JZD0031).
关键词 社会化小农 货币收入最大化 货币伦理 货币支出压力 the socialized household farmers, maximal currency income, currency ethics, currency expenditure constraint
作者简介 徐勇(1955-),男,湖北省宜昌市人,华中师范大学中国农村问题研究中心主任、教授、博士生导师,主要从事乡村治理与中国政治研究。 邓大才(1970-),男,湖南省汉寿县人,华中师范大学中国农村问题研究中心副教授,在读博士生,主要从事农户问题的研究。
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参考文献5

  • 1黄宗智.《华北小农经济与社会变迁》[M].北京:中华书局,1986.. 被引量:8
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  • 3徐浩著..农民经济的历史变迁 中英乡村社会区域发展比较[M].北京:社会科学文献出版社,2002:456.
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