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贵州省1997-2004年流行性乙型脑炎流行病学分析及控制策略 预览 被引量:7

PREVENTIVE STRATEGY AND EPIDEMIOLOGICAL ANALYSIS ON JAPANESE ENCEPHALITIS IN GUIZHOU PROVINCE IN 1997-2004.
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摘要 目的:分析贵州省1997-2004年流行性乙型脑炎(乙脑)流行趋势,为乙脑预防控制策略提供科学依据。方法:疫情信息监测管理系统的监测资料及2004年个案调查资料进行分析。结果:累计报告13664例乙脑病例,年均发病率为4.65/10万;累计死亡540人,年均死亡率为0.12/10万;年均病死率为3.95%;男性与女性发病之比为1.48:1,病例中以散居儿童为主(67.54%),其次为学生(23.06%)。10岁以下病例占88.00%;高发季节为6~10月,发病高峰是7~8月。结论:该省应对高发地区和高发县开展健康教育和宣传动员,对0~10岁儿童开展乙脑疫苗预防接种,开展防蚊灭蚊。以降低乙脑发病率。 Objective: To analyse prevalence trend of Japanese Encephalitis (JE) in 1997-2004 in Guizhou Province and supply scientific gist for the prevention and control strategy. Methods: Information which are from the epidemic situation surveillance administration system and JE Cases Questionnaire were analysed. Results: There are accumulative total 13664 JE cases and 540 dead cases. The annual average morbidity, mortality and death rate are 4.65/100, 000 and 0.12/100, 000 and 3.95%, respectively. Male to female ratio is 1.48:1. Children of decentralization resident population account for 67.54% (9 228/13 664) and students account for 23.69% (3 151/13 664). Cases of children age〈10 account for 88.00% (12 024/13 664); Season distribution is from June to October and high peak period is from July to August. Conclusion: The information shown that JE cases are mainly under the 10 years old children in Guizhou Province. The cases season are from June to October and high peak period last two months from July to August. There are so many cases with no-vaccine history and unknown history in 1997-2004. The high risk prefectures are Zunyi and Bijie. The preventive strategies are that the health education and propaganda mobilization should be conducted. All - around control countermeasure such as prevening and destroying mosquitoes and JE vaccine immunization should be carried on in order to decrease the morbidity and mortality in Guizhou Province.
作者 宋群锋 陶沁 余春 蒋维佳 周敬祝 王昭孝 SONG Qun-feng, TAO Xin, YU Chun, et al. (Guizhou Provincial Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Guiyang 550004.)
出处 《现代预防医学》 CAS 北大核心 2006年第9期 1656-1657,1662,共3页 Modern Preventive Medicine
关键词 流行性乙型脑炎(乙脑) 流行病学分析 控制策略 Japanese Encephalitis (JE) Epidenaiology Analysis Preventive Strategy.
作者简介 宋群锋(1963-),女,副主任医师。工作方向:传染性疾病的防治与研究.
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