期刊文献+

芝麻饼肥与化肥不同比例配施对烟叶香气质量的影响 被引量:47

Effects of Proportional Application of Sesame Seed Cake Fertilizers and Chemical Fertilizers on the Aroma Quality of Flue-cured Tobacco Leaves
在线阅读 免费下载
分享 导出
摘要 芝麻饼肥与化肥不同比例配施对不同叶位烤烟烟叶化学成分和香气成分含量、组成的影响及其作用机制的探讨表明,以50%芝麻饼肥+50%化肥处理使上、中、下部烟叶糖碱比都较适宜,化学成分协调,新植二烯、酮类、醛类等香气物质总含量明显提高,明显改善了烟叶的综合品质,表现为烟叶香气质纯净、香气量大、柔和、杂气小、烟气净、余味舒适、劲头适中、燃烧性好,总得分提高,显著减小了叶位之间的质量差异,因此,推荐河南省植烟区烤烟生产以50%芝麻饼肥+50%化肥配施为宜。 It is still unclear how seed cake fertilizer affects the aroma compounds of flue-cured tobacco leaves. The results for the optimum application rate of sesame seed cake fertilizer and chemical fertilizer for a good quality of flue-cured tobacco leaves were inconsistent in previous reports , and most of them were gained based on the research using middle leaves of tobacco. In this study, the responses of chemical properties and aroma compounds of flue-cured tobacco leaves in different positions of plant to the proportional application of seed cake fertilizer and chemical fertilizer were tested and the underlying mechanism of flue-cured tobacco flavor quality was explored using upper, middle and lower tobacco leaves. The.results showed that application of 50% sesame cake and 50% chemical fertilizer could result in a suitable ratio of nicotine to sugar and higher neophytadiene, ketons and aldehyde contents for all leaves in different positions of tobacco plant grown in the mid-fertilize brown soil in Henan Province. Therefore, the comprehensive quality of tobacco was improved , having small odor, suitable irritation, comfortable lingering smell, mild smoke and good combustibility. The quality discrepancy between the leaves in different positions was also diminished. Based on results obtained in our research, we recommend the optimal fertilizer blends for the tobacco grown in Henan Province as 50% sesame cake nitrogen with 50% chemical fertilizer nitrogen.
作者 武雪萍 钟秀明 秦艳青 刘爽 WU Xue-Ping, ZHONG Xiu-Ming, QIN Yan-Qing,LIU Shuang(1 Institute of Agricultural Resources and Regional Planning , Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beljing 100081; 2 Graduate School of Chinese Academy d Agricultural Sciences, Beijing, 100081; 3 Department of Plant Nutrition, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100094, China)
出处 《作物学报》 CAS CSCD 北大核心 2006年第10期 1554-1559,共6页 Acta Agronomica Sinica
基金 国家烟草局基金资助项目(100678-19).
关键词 芝麻饼肥 化肥 烟叶 香气质量 Sesame seed cake fertilizer Chemical fertilizer Tobacco leaf Aroma quality
作者简介 武雪萍(1966-),女,山西武乡人,博士后,副研究员,主要从事植物营养与节水农业研究。Tel:010-68918699;E-mail:xpwu@Caas.ac.cn
  • 相关文献

参考文献17

  • 1韩锦峰,张秀英.饼肥种类及其与化肥配比对烤烟生长发育及产质的影响:II.对烤烟产?…[J].河南农业科学,1998(3):11-14. 被引量:73
  • 2杨俊.有机与无机肥配比对烤烟产质量的影响[J].烟草科技,1989(4):34-37. 被引量:32
  • 3ZhouK-Y(周宽余) HanG-B(韩国彪) NingZ-M(宁振海) ChenY-C(陈玉仓) LuZ-J(卢志俊).Studies on purification of endopolygalacturonase inhibiting protein from seedlings of flue—cured tobacco[J].中国烟草学报,1998,(4):25-26. 被引量:1
  • 4TangL-N(唐丽娜) XiongD-Z(熊德中).Effect of combining application of organic—chemical fertilizers on the NPK distribution and yield and the quality of tobacco leaves[J].福建农大学报,1999,14(2):50-50. 被引量:1
  • 5GaoZ-M(高致明) ZhangG-X(张国显) WangJ(王俊) LiuZ-C(刘宗才).Study on the characteristics of development and structure of flue—cured tobacco leaves under the conditions on dry farming[J].河南农业大学学报,1998,32(1):25-25. 被引量:1
  • 6郑克宽,任有志.烤烟有机肥及氮磷钾施用量的最优回归分析[J].内蒙古农牧学院学报,1996,17(2):37-41. 被引量:3
  • 7LiuG-S(刘国顺) FuY-P(符云鹏) GaoZ-M(高致明) JiaoG-Z(焦桂珍) HeQ-X(何清心) ChenY-C(陈彦春) ZhangM-S(张民生).The developing characteristics of flue—cured tobacco plant in rained agriculture area of west Henan Province[J].河南农业大学学报,1998,32(1):1-1. 被引量:1
  • 8HanJ-F(韩锦峰) MaC-L(马常力) WangR-X(王瑞新) ZhuD-H(朱大恒) HongT(洪涛) HouW-H(侯文华) HanW(韩薇) HuangY-J(黄元炯).Influence of different fertilizer types and maturity stage on the main components of aroma and their flavors in flue—cured tobacco[J].作物学报,1993,19(3):253-253. 被引量:1
  • 9Wang R-X(王瑞新),Han F-G(韩富根),Yang S-Q(杨素琴).Analysis for Tobacco Chemical Quality(烟草品质分析).Zhengzhou:Henan Sci Tech Press,1990. 被引量:1
  • 10Leffingwell J C. Nitrogen components of leaf and their relationship to smoking quality and aroma. Rec Adv Tob Sci, 1976, (2) : 1-31 被引量:1

共引文献98

同被引文献723

引证文献47

二级引证文献320

相关作者

内容加载中请稍等...

相关机构

内容加载中请稍等...

相关主题

内容加载中请稍等...

浏览历史

内容加载中请稍等...
;
使用帮助 返回顶部 意见反馈