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大学生睡眠质量及其相关影响因素的研究 预览 被引量:49

A Study of Sleep Quality and Related Influencing Factors in College Students
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摘要 目的:了解大学生的睡眠质量及其与人格倾向、主观幸福感、心理症状等因素的关系。方法:通过整群随机抽样选取313名大学生为调查对象,采用匹兹堡睡眠质量指数(PSQI)和相关量表评定大学生的睡眠质量及相关心理状况。结果:大学生PSQI总均分为5.14±2.71.睡眠障碍发生率18.2%;体育锻炼和睡眠习惯对大学生睡眠质量有影响:人际关系、身体状况、生活习惯、主观幸福感、人格倾向、心理症状与睡眠质量有显著相关.产生重要影响的因素主要有身体状况、心理症状和人格倾向。结论:大学生睡眠质量问题应引起重视,采取综合措施改善大学生的睡眠问题.可促进其身心健康。 Objective: To explore its relationships with personality characteristics, subjective well-being, and mental symptoms. Methods: 313 college students were randomly sampled in clusters, and the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) and scales correlated were used to assess their sleep quality and mental status. Results: The overall average score of the PSQI is 5.14±2.71, and the prevalence of sleep disorder was 18.2%. Physical exercises and sleep habits had influences on sleep quality of college students. Interpersonal relationship, physical conditions, living habits, subjective wellbeing, personality characteristics and mental symptoms were significantly correlated to sleep quality, especially the factors of physical conditions, mental symptoms and personality characteristics. Conclusion: Attentions should be paid to the sleep quality of the college students.
作者 张林 刁娟 ZHANG Lin, DIAO Juan( Faculty of Education, Ningbo University, Ningbo 315211, China)
出处 《中国临床心理学杂志》 2006年第5期 515-517,共3页 Chinese Journal of Clinical Psychology
关键词 人格倾向 主观幸福感 心理症状 睡眠质量 Personality characteristics Subjective well-being Mental symptoms Sleep quality
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