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康复治疗师的心理健康评估 预览 被引量:4

Mental health evaluation of rehabilitation physicians
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摘要 目的:了解目前康复治疗师心理健康状况。 方法:2005-07/10选取一所省级康复医院的33名康复治疗师进行SCL-90症状自评量表(共90个项目,分为躯体化、强迫症状、人际关系敏感、抑郁、焦虑、敌对、恐怖,偏执、精神病性共9个因子,按5级评分,分数越高症状越严重)问卷调查。评定前由统一的工作人员将量表具体评分方法和要求向受试者交待清楚,然后让其做出独立的、不受任何人影响的自我评定。评定的时间范围是“最近1个星期”。逐项计算各因子分,以列表形式与国内常模进行比较。 结果:33名受试者敌对、恐怖、偏执、精神病性因子分与国内常模基本相似(t=1.289~1.341,P〉0.05),躯体化、强迫症状、人际关系敏感、抑郁、焦虑因子分均明显高于国内常模(t=2.268~3.167,P〈0.01)。 结论:康复治疗师心理健康受其自身和外界多种因素的影响,需要给予积极的心理支持,从学科建设、医院管理者及治疗师自身共同应对。 AIM: To explore the current condition of mental health of rehabilitation physician. METHODS: Thirty-three physicians from one provincial level rehabilitative hospital were selected from July to October 2005 and investigated with symptom checklist-90 (SCL-90) composed of 90 items such as somatization, obsession-compulsion, interpersonal sensitivity, depression, anxiety, hostility, phobic anxiety, paranoid ideation, psychoticism 9 factors, in which the 5-grading system was adopted (the higher the scores, the more severe the symptoms). After informed the evaluation methods and requirements before evaluation, the subjects were investigated independently. The evaluated time was limited in recent 1 week. The scores of each factor were calculated by turns and compared with the national norm. RESULTS: The scores of hostility, phobic anxiety, paranoid ideation, psychoticism of the subjects were similar to the national norm (t=1.289- 1.341, P 〉 0.05), and the scores of somatization, interpersonal sensitivity, obsession-compulsion, depression and anxiety factors were higher than national norm (t=2.268-3.167, P 〈 0.01). CONCLUSION: The mental health of the rehabilitation physicians is influenced by the internal and outside factors; they need mental supports from subject construction, hospital manager and the physician themselves.
作者 韩杰 韩丽伟 李德韬 Han Jie, Han Li-wei, Li De-tao (1.Department of Modem Medicine, 2.Department of Rehabilitation, Heilongiiang Rehabilitation Hospital, Harbin 150018, Heilongjiang Province, China; 3.Department of Rehabilitation, Daqing Cerebrovascular Hospital, Daqing 163113, Heilongjiang Province, China)
出处 《中国临床康复》 CSCD 北大核心 2006年第42期 40-42,共3页 Chinese Journal of Clinical Rehabilitation
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