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知识属性、情境依赖与默会知识共享条件研究 预览 被引量:31

Research on the Knowledge Attributes, Context-dependency and the Conditions for Sharing Tacit Knowledge
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摘要 知识具有默会性和情境依赖性,默会知识的交流、共享与情境密切相关.默会知识的共享实质上是一个知识创造的过程,只有亲临现场、共同在场、互动沟通,才能有效地传递与分享默会知识,并基于此创造知识信息化为知识共享创造了条件,有利于促进知识共享,但非结构化的问题难以通过信息化的手段进行处理,信息系统在共享默会知识、情境依赖性知识时往往无能为力,永远都无法完全替代主体共同在场的面对面的互动沟通.因此,为实现情境依赖性的默会知识充分共享并创造知识,即使在信息化的背景下,也有必要进行共同在场的沟通. Knowledge possesses the attributes of tacitness and context-dependency. The communication and sharing of tacit knowledge is closely related with context. Actually, tacit knowledge sharing is a process of knowledge creation, only by the ways of being present in person and inter-communication, can the tacit knowledge be transferred and shared. Though informatization has created favorable conditions to advance knowledge sharing, it is very difficult to settle down the non-structured problems by informatization. Information system loses frequently efficacy in sharing tacit and context dependent knowledge. Information system does ever not substitute for face-to-face communication. Thus, to share the tacit and context dependent knowledge, it is absolutely necessary for the communicators to be co-present even in the background of informatization.
作者 余光胜 刘卫 唐郁 YU Guang-sheng, LIU Wei, TANG Yu ( 1. School of Management, Fudan University, Shanghai 200433, China; 2. Planning Bureau of NSFC, Beijing 100085, China; 3. Science and Technology Department, Fudan University, Shanghai 200433, China)
出处 《研究与发展管理》 CSSCI 北大核心 2006年第6期 23-29,共7页 R&d Management
基金 国家自然科学基金资助项目(70371009,70572025).
关键词 默会知识 情境依赖 知识共享 知识创造 信息化 tacit knowledge context dependency knowledge sharing knowledge creation informatization
作者简介 余光胜(1966-),男,博士。副教授。研究方向为知识理论、公司战略与治理; 刘卫(1959-),女,高级工程师,研究方向为科研管理; 唐郁(1971-)。男。助理研究员,研究方向为科研管理.
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