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浙江省4个地区60岁以上老人生活满意度的调查 预览 被引量:12

Investigation into the life satisfaction of senior citizens in four areas of Zhejiang province
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摘要 目的:了解浙江省农村老年人生活满意度的现状及其有关影响因素。方法:于2005-07/10随机抽取浙江省乐清市北白象镇、白石镇、大荆镇。建德市的莲花镇及杭州下沙区和余杭区内能回答调查问卷的各项内容,同意参与该项调查的60岁以上老年人430名为调查对象。应用WHO推荐的生活满意度指数A量表:一般状况调查表,最满意和最不满意的事情调查表进行入户问卷调查。生活满意度指数A量表。包括20个项目,其中12个条目反映正性情感,8个条目反映负性情感。每项最高分为2分,总分最高分为40分。评分越高,生活质量越佳。一般状况调查表包括姓名、年龄、性别、职业、文化程度、婚姻、健康状况、医疗费用来源、住址和联系电话。结果:共发放问卷430份,收回有效问卷389份。①389名老年人生活满意度评分为25.8±7.2,与正常值(12.4±4.4)比较。差异有显著性意义(P〈0.05)。②经多个独立样本的非参数检验,老年人的生活满意度评分性别差异无显著性(P〉0.05),而在年龄、婚姻、文化程度、健康状况、职业、医疗费用来源和所在地区维度差异有显著性(P≤0.05)。③313人对“最满意和最不满意的事情”项目进行了回答.老年人最满意的事是“生活条件改善”和“家庭关系和睦”,有195人,占62.3%,最不满意的事主要是“家庭不和睦”(17.4%)、“社会发展不佳”(14.8%)、“身体状况差”(14.2%)、“生活条件差”(10.3%)。结论:浙江省农村老年人生活满意度较高,年龄、婚姻、文化程度、健康状况、职业、医疗费用来源、地区差异对老年人生活满意度有重要影响。 AIM: To investigate the satisfactory degree to their current life of the senior citizens in the rural areas of Zhejiang province, and relative influential factors. METHODS: With random sampling method, 430 rural senior citizens aged 60 years or above living in the four districts: Baixiang County, Baishi County, Dajing County in Yueqing, Lianhua County in Jiande, Xiasha and Yuhang Districts in Hangzhou, Zhejiang province were investigated. The life satisfaction index A (LSI-A) recommended by WHO, general condition questionnaire and the most satisfactory and dissatisfactory matters questionnaire were used. LSI-A included 20 items, in which 12 items reflected positive emotion and 8 items reflected negative emotion, The highest score of each item was 2, and the highest total scores were 40; the higher the scores, the better the quality of life, The general condition questionnaire included name, age, sex, occupation, education degree, marriage, health condition, source of medical cost, address and telephone. RESULTS: Totally 430 questionnaires were sent out and 389 valid ones were retrieved. ①The scores of satisfactory degree of 389 senior citizens were 25.8±7.2, which had significant differences compared with normal value (12.4±4.4, P〈 0.05). ②No significant difference was found in the Scores of satisfactory degree after nonparametdc test with multiple independent samples (P 〉 0.05), but there were significant difference in the dimensions such as age, marriage, education level, health condition, occupation, source of medical cost and living area (P ≤ 0.05), ③313 people joined the investigation for "the most satisfactory and dissatisfactory matters". The senior citizens were most satisfied with the "improvement of living conditions" and "harmonious family relationship" including 195 citizens, accounted for 62.3%, and they were most dissatisfied with the "unharmonious family" (17.4%), "underdevelopment of society" (14.8%), "poor health condition" (
作者 陈玲娜 汪红明 王毓璈 Chen LN, Wang HM, Wang YA,(1.Clinical Medicine ,School of Hangzhou Normal College, Hangzhou 310018, Zhejiang Province, China; 2.Teaching and Research Section of General Family Medicine, Clinical Medicine School of Hangzhou Normal College, Hangzhou 310018, Zhejiang Province, China)
出处 《中国组织工程研究与临床康复》 CAS CSCD 北大核心 2007年第17期 3219-3221,共3页 Journal of Clinical Rehabilitative Tissue Engineering Research
作者简介 陈玲娜.女,1983年生.浙江省乐清市人.汉族,杭州师范学院临床医学院大五学生。lingna_8883@126.com
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