China＇ s economic ＂growth miracle＂ can be attributed to various factors among which ＂population dividend＂ is one of the most important. At present, the main features of population dividend in China are high labor population proportion and labor force allocation efficiency. However, there is no consistent population dividend. In the long run, with the decline in China＇ s birth rate, labor participation rate will come to a lower level. In short term, the barriers influencing labor flow between the urban and rural areas still exist, which is unfavorable to further improvement of labor force allocation efficiency. Therefore, for the maximization of＇population dividend＂ effects in China, it is important to improve the skills and knowledge of labor force and remove the barriers influencing labor flow.
Economic growth, Population dividend, Labor force allocation efficiency, The skills and knowledge of labor force