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从源头上阻断“慢病”自然进程的《健康管理模式》 预览 被引量:23

Model of Health Management of impeding natural development of chronic diseases from headstream
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摘要 内容该《模式》致力于健康管理循环的不断运行,促进健康;健康管理循环紧紧围绕预防控制当今最主要的、因果关系清楚的、可变、可防、可治的健康危险因素。效果以发现健康危险因素为目的,改进健康检查,精选、规范了体检的内容,提高了慢性病健康危险因素的检出效率和成本效益。抓住不良生活行为方式、代谢紊乱现象和心脑血管疾病的危险,应用国人的数据和预测模型,进行个体和群体的健康危险因素评价。制定慢性生活方式疾病《健康促进诊疗管理规范》,落实饮食运动量化管理、有效运动、能量平衡等非药物治疗。在社区和体检中心建立健康促进诊疗管理平台,实现了战略前移,重心下沉,防治结合,医患互动,不同程度地降低了医疗费用,缓解了看病难、看病贵的问题。呼吁政策系统也要实现战略前移,重心下沉。 Content A "mode" is designed for continual operation of the Healthy Management Cycle and promotion of health.The Healthy Management Cycle with clear cause-effect relationship is to prevent and control the most important, variable, preventable, curable risk factors for health. Result The aim is to find out the risk factors for health by improving the way doing medical test. Therefore, it may increase the efficiency of the procedure of finding out risk factors for health and the profitability at the mean time. Focus on the bad living habits, metabolic confusion and the risk of cardiovascular disease, use the data and prediction model, valuate the health risk factors for both individual and a group of people. Lay down chronic disease "promoting health treatment management standard", apply non-medicine treatment which includes diet and effective exercise management, energy balance and so on. In communities and physical examination center, health diagnosis and treatment management system has been found. It can realize combination with prevention and treatment, and interaction between doctors and patients. It also may cut medical expenses and resolve some medical problems.The authors appeal that related policy also needs to be changed at the same time.
出处 《中国公共卫生管理》 2007年第2期 123-127,共5页 Chinese Journal of Public Health Management
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