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宁波市流行性乙型脑炎的发病趋势及防治策略 预览

Analysis of prevalent trend of Japanese encephalitis B in Ningbo City and control measures
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摘要 目的分析宁波市流行性乙型脑炎(乙脑)的流行趋势,为乙脑预防控制策略提供依据。方法采用描述流行病学方法对1986-2006年宁波市疫情资料和乙脑法定传染病报告系统资料进行分析。结果1986-2006年共报告875例乙脑病例,死亡45例,年平均发病率为0.75/10万,年平均死亡率0.04/10万,年平均病死率为5.14%,发病总体呈下降趋势,近年来有所回升。发病主要集中在慈溪市、象山县和宁海县;发病主要以10岁以下散居儿童为主,占80.11%(701/875),男性多于女性,男女比例为1.65:1;2005-2006年流动儿童发病63例,占同期总病例数的92.65%(63/68);乙脑发病时间在5-10月份,高峰期在7-8月份。结论乙脑发病总体呈下降趋势,表明乙脑预防控制取得了显著成效;目前乙脑预防控制策略仍应采取免疫接种、健康教育及媒介控制等综合性措施。 Objective To analyse the epidemic situation of Japanese B encephalitis in Ningbo during 1986- 2006 and provide the scientific basis for controlling the disease in the future. Methods Descriptive epidemiological study was applied to analyse the data of routine annual report of Japanese B encephalitis during 1986-2006 in Ningbo City. Results Total 875 cases were reported with 45 deaths. The annual average incidence, mortality and fatality rate were 0.75/ 100 000, 0. 04/100 000 and 5.14%, respectively. The Japanese B encephalitis cases were mainly reported in the districts including Cixi, Xiangshan and Ninghai. 80. 11% of the reported Japanese B encephalitis cases were children under 10 years old. The ratio of male to female was 1.65:1. Season distribution was from May to October and high peak period was from July to August. Conclusion The results reveal that the reported incidence of Japanese B encephalitis has decreased suggesting that great success has been obtained incontrol of Japanese B encephalitis. At presnet integrated measures, such as health education, vaecinaiton and vector control be taken to reduce the incidence of Japanese B encephalitis.
作者 马瑞 边国林 许国章 董红军 朱利利 周绍英 MA Rui, BIAN Guo - lin, XU Guo - zhang, et al. (Ningbo Municipal Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Ningbo 315010, Zhejiang, P. R. China)
出处 《中国热带医学》 CAS 2007年第6期 901-903,共3页 China Tropical Medicine
关键词 流行性乙型脑炎 流行病学 控制策略 Japanese B Encephalitis Epidemiology Preventive strategy
作者简介 马瑞(1969-),女,甘肃天水市人,硕士,副主任医师,主要从事免疫规划针对传染病的预防控制工作.
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