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医疗诉讼中的医疗专家意见和法官自由裁量:谁主沉浮? 被引量:9

Medical expert opinion and judge' s discretion in medical lawsuits: which will be decisive?
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摘要 在医疗诉讼领域,医疗专家意见或行业“普遍做法”是强有力的证据但不是最终证据。著名的Bolam案似乎赋予医疗行业的普遍做法以终局性。Bolam测试标准不仅在治疗领域得到了适用,而且被扩展到了诊断领域和知情同意领域。但这一标准在澳大利亚和加拿大并没有得到认可。在Bolitho一案,英国的司法观点与澳大利亚和加拿大的司法观点逐渐接近。法官特别强调了来自医学界的观点是“有逻辑基础的”、“合理的”、“值得尊敬的”。鉴于医学专家意见的非终局性,尽管专家意见的存在,法官应运用风险-益处方法具体分析具体案件。 In the field of medical lawsuits, medical expert testimony or common practice is strong evidence, but not a conclusive one. The famous Bolam case seems to deem common practice in medical profession as conclusive one. The Bolam test is not only applied in treatment cases but also is extended to diagnosis and informed consent cases. But this test is not recognized in Australia and Canada. In Bolitho case, the judicial opinion in UK changed, making it more similar to that of Australia and Canada. In this case the judge specifically emphasized that the medical opinion should have a logical basis, reasonable and respectable. The judge can learn to utilize risk-benefits analysis to make their'own decision in particular cases.
作者 赵西巨 ZHAO Xi-ju(Shandong University of TCM, Shandong, Jinan 250355)
出处 《法律与医学杂志》 2007年第3期 169-181,共13页 Journal of Law & Medicine
关键词 Bolam测试标准 普遍做法 法官 医学专家 Bolam test Common practice Judge Medical Expert
作者简介 赵西巨(1969-),男,山东新泰人,副教授,山东大学民商法法学硕士。研究方向为侵权法、医事法、欧盟法和人权法。Tel:15910102526;E-MAIL:xijuzhao@yahoo.com
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