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1997-2006年宁南县细菌性痢疾发病分析 预览 被引量:1

Analysis on 1954 Bacillary Dysentery Cases Reported in Ningnan County From 1997 to 2006
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摘要 目的为了解细菌性痢疾在山区农业县的发病情况,为制定适合农村地区的防制措施提供依据。方法对凉山州宁南县1997~2006年细菌性痢疾疫情资料进行分析。结果10年共报告细菌性痢疾1954例,年平均报告发病率113.66/10万,发病率最高为216.84/10万,最低为37.61/10万,男性发病率126.15/10万,女性发病率100.21/10万,汉族发病率101.05/10万,彝族发病率160.60/10万。人群分布农民占86.80%,其次是学生占9.52%。发病以0~9岁儿童(占35.26%)和20~39岁青壮年(占28.36%)最多,占63.62%,0~9岁中又以1~2岁发病多,占0~9岁的45.86%。全年均有发病,4~8月占总病例数的77.03%。结论细菌性痢疾彝族发病率高于汉族,以农民发病为主,儿童和青壮年发病最多。应加强大众健康教育力度和重点病防治知识宣传培训,真正达到人人皆知。建议使用疫苗预防控制。 Objective To understand the morbidity of bacillary dysentery in mmountainous agricultural area,and to provide the basis for control measures suitable for rural areas.Method The epidemic information of bacillary dysentery in Ningnan County from 1997 to 2006 was analysed.Results A total of 1 954 cases of bacillary dysentery were reported during the past 10 years,with an average annual incidence rate of 113.66/105,The incidence rate of Cranged from 216.84/105 to 37.61/105.male was 126.15/105,and of female 100.21/105;morbidity in Han people is 101.05/1 000.00,morbidity in Yi People is 160.60/1 000.00.Population distribution peasants 86.80%,students 9.52%.Age distribution 0-9 year children account fo 35.26%(in which 1-2 year children account for 45.86%)and 20-39 years adultr 28.36%.Bacillary dysentery may be occur at any time,but it is primary occur in April-August,account for 77.03%.Conclusion It is important to strengthen public health education with focus on prevention and knowledge training.The use of the vaccine for prevention and control is reammencled.
作者 李开琴 Li Kai-qin (Center for Disease Control and Prevention of Ningnan County,Ningnan 615400,Sichuan Province,China )
出处 《预防医学情报杂志》 CAS 2007年第5期 579-581,共3页 Journal of Preventive Medicine Information
关键词 细菌性痢疾 发病率 人群分布 bacillary dysentery Morbidity Population distribution
作者简介 李开琴,女,副主任医师,传染性疾病预防与控制。
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