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基于耗散结构理论的城市旅游发展研究 预览 被引量:10

Study on Development of Urban Tourism Based on Dissipative Structure Theory
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摘要 城市旅游发展是由人参与的耗散结构自组织过程,探求城市旅游自组织规律并以其为指导是城市旅游再发展的根本要求。24个旅游中心城市实证分析揭示出:1)目前我国已形成功能型、资源型、口岸型、沿海型4类旅游城市;2)城市旅游发展整体上经历了前增速期、增速期、后增速期,各时期城市旅游发展存在一定的弹性;3)整体上特定区域内城市旅游发展日趋协同,以区域为单元的旅游发展格局正在形成;4)今后一段时期内功能型、资源型城市将成为城市旅游发展的主导力量,长三角、环渤海、中西部城市旅游发展较快;5)城市旅游发展在各方面的表现并不一致,需要统筹考虑发展结构与目标体系。 Self--organization is the primary nature of developmental course and it contains the unchangeable law on evolution of beings and systems. Dissipative structure is a typical self- organization form. Based on dissipative structure, some rules and trends in the re-developing course of Chinese urban tourism can be discerned by the analysis of 24 key tourism cities. The results show that: 1) 4 basic types of tourism cities including function cities, resource cities, entry cities and coast cities have been formed in China by now. 2) The whole development course of urban tourism presents its pre-accelerating period, accelerating period and post-accelerating period,while every city gives out comparatively independent distinction. 3) General speaking, that in some special districts urban tourism becomes more harmonious, and urban tourism would restructure its spatial configuration by area. 4) The poling power of function cites and resource cities, as well as the considerable developing speed of cites in the Yangtze-River-Delta,Bohai-Bay area,mid--inner district ought to be endorsed by the very period coming. 5) Each aspect performs distinctly in mechanism of urban tourism system,so the different aspects need to plan as a whole in the development course should be paid significant attention.
作者 徐小波 邸明慧 XU Xiao- Do, DI Ming- hui ( 1. Department of Tourism Management ,Yangzhou University ,Yangzhou 225001 ; 2. Hebei Institute of Geographical Sciences ,Shijiazhuang 050011, China)
出处 《地理与地理信息科学》 CSCD 北大核心 2007年第6期 95-99,104,共6页 Geography and Geo-Information Science
关键词 城市旅游发展 耗散结构 自组织 旅游中心城市 development of urban tourism dissipative structure self--organization key tourism city
作者简介 徐小波(1984-),男,硕士研究生,研究方向为旅游规划、城市旅游。E-mail:zj_xxb@163.com
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