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武汉市1992~2006年流行性乙型脑炎流行特征分析 预览 被引量:3

Epidemic character of Japanese B encephalitis in Wuhan ( 1992-2006)
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摘要 目的分析武汉市1992~2006年流行性乙型脑炎的流行病学特征,为更好地预防和控制乙脑提供依据。方法利用疫情报告数据,采用描述性流行病学方法分析流行性乙型脑炎流行与发病特点及三间分布。结果1992—2006年武汉市共报告乙脑病例433例,死亡10例,年均发病率0.41/10万,年均病死率2,31%,乙脑发病呈明显下降趋势,且2005年和2006年连续两年无乙脑病例报告;发病季节在4—9月,高峰期在7—8月;病例主要集中于新洲区(占39.72%)、黄陂区(占31.87%)、江夏区(占12.24%)等郊区;15岁以下的患者占94,23%(408/433),散居儿童发病占61.20%(265/433)。结论武汉市乙脑发病主要表现为散发,发病有明显的季节性,发病人群以低年龄组为主。近年来乙脑疫情得到了有效控制,但乙脑监测和防控依然不能放松。 Objective To analyze the epidemiological characteristics of epidemic encephalitis B in 1992 ~ 2006 in Wuhan city and provide data for prevention and control strategy. Methods The reported cases of Japanese B Encephalitis (JBE) from the Wuhan Center for Disease Control and Prevention were analyzed by descriptive epidemiology. Results From 1992 to 2006 ,the accumulated total number was 433 JE and 10 deaths. The annual average morbidity and fatality rate were 0.41/100 000 and 2. 31% respectively, the average incidence rate was obviously reduced every year, and there was no case reported in 2005 and 2006. The epidemic season was from April to September and the peak was from July to August. Almost all JBE cases were in the suburbs, such as Xinzhou district( 39. 72% ) ,Huangpi district( 31.87% ) ,Jiangxia district (12. 24% ). 664). Cases of children age 〈 15 accounted for 94. 23% (408/433). Children living scattered accounted for 61.20% (265/433). Conclusion During 1992 ~ 2006, JE was sporadic in Wuhan city, and the seasonal variation of JE was obvious. Most of the cases were from zero to 15 years old. It showed that in recent years JE was controlled effectively, however, surveillance, prevention and control of JE should not be neglected.
作者 陈邦华 胡权 余滨 刘普林 高丽 CHEN Bang-hua, HU Quan, YU Bin, LIU Pu-lin, GAO Li( Wuhan Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Wuhan 430022, China)
出处 《公共卫生与预防医学》 2007年第6期 25-27,共3页 Journal of Public Health and Preventive Medicine
关键词 流行性乙型脑炎 流行病学 Japanese encephalitis Epidemiology
作者简介 陈邦华(1976-),硕士,医师,主要从事流行病学工作
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