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高寒草甸不同类型草地土壤养分与物种多样性——生产力关系 被引量:39

The Relationship between Soil Nutrients and Diversity-Productivity of Different Type Grasslands in Alpine Meadow
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摘要 研究了高寒草甸不同类型草地土壤养分与多样性一生产力之间的关系,即物种多样性对生产力的效应如何受到资源供给率等因素的影响。结果表明:以莎草类为优势种的藏嵩草沼泽化草甸群落其总生物量(包括地上和地下生物量)最高(13,196.96±719.69g m^-2)、小嵩草草甸和金露梅灌丛群落为中等水平(2,869.58±147.52g m^-2、2,672.94±122.49g m^-2)、矮嵩草草甸群落为最低(2,153.08±141.95g m^-2)。在藏嵩草沼泽化草甸群落中,总生物量和物种丰富度呈显著负相关(P〈0.05);地上生物量与土壤有机质、土壤含水量和群落盖度显著正相关(P〈0.05);地下生物量和土壤含水量显著正相关(P〈0.05)。在矮嵩草草甸、小嵩草草甸、金露梅灌丛群落中,地上生物量与土壤有机质和土壤总氮显著正相关(P〈0.05)。以上结果说明生物量的分布与土壤营养和水分变化相一致。在矮嵩草草甸、小嵩草草甸和金露梅灌丛中,多样性有随土壤养分的增加而增加的趋势;在藏嵩草沼泽化草甸中,则呈现负相关的关系。 The Qinghai-Tibetan plateau is the single largest and the highest plateau in the world with an area of nearly 2.5 million km^2. It is also called "the third pole" of the world" and has a great impact on Eurasia atmospheric circulation and the distribution of various ecosystems. Given the high altitude and extreme harsh environmental conditions, this high elevation grazing land ecosystem might, up to the present, be among the least affected by modern society. Thus, it is necessary to know the effects of soil nutrients supply on the plant diversity and productivity in different types of alpine meadow grassland. In 2002, 2003, and 2004 the changes in the plant diversity and productivity in different grassland types of alpine meadow as related to the levels of soil nutrient supply were analyzed. This study showed that Community differences in plant species composition were related to biomass distribution. The highest total above- and belowground biomass (13,196.96 ± 719.69 g/m^2) appeared in the sedge-dominated Kobresia tibetica swamp meadow communities, the intermediate the Kobresia pygmaea meadow and Potentilla froticosa (2,869.58 ± 147.52 g/m^2; 2,672.94 ± 122.49 g/m^2) was found in shrub, dominated by forbs and sedges, and the lowest biomass (2,153.08 ± 141.95g/m^2) in the Kobresia tibetica swamp meadow community. The total biomass was negatively correlated to species richness (P〈0.05); aboveground biomass was positively correlated to soil organic matter, soil moisture, and plant cover (P〈0.05); and belowground biomass was positively correlated with soil moisture(P〈0.05). However, in the Kobresia pygmaea and Kobresia humlis meadow community, the aboveground biomass was positively correlated to soil organic matter and soil total nitrogen (P〈0.05), indicating that the distribution of biomass coincided with soil moisture and edaphic gradient in alpine meadows. The diversity index (H′) decreased gradually with the increasing soil organic matter and soil total nitro
作者 王长庭 龙瑞军 曹广民 王启兰 景增春 施建军 WANG Chang-ting, LONG Run-jun, CAO Guang-min,WANG Qi-lan, JING Zeng-chun, SHI Jian-jun(1.Northwest Plateau Institute of Biology, the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Xining 810008, China; 2.Lanzhou University, Lanzhou, 730070, China; 3. Grassland institute, Qinghai Academy of Animal and Veterinary Science, Xining 810016, China)
出处 《土壤通报》 CAS CSCD 北大核心 2008年第1期1-8,共8页 Chinese Journal of Soil Science
基金 中国科学院“百人计划”项目,国家自然科学基金项目(30371021)、(40471133)和中国科学院野外台站基金项目资助
关键词 高寒草甸 多样性 生产力 土壤养分 Alpine meadow Diversity Productivity Soil nutrients
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参考文献32

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