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1990~2007年广西流行性乙型脑炎流行病学特征分析 预览 被引量:13

Epidemiologic characteristics of Japanese B encephalitis in Guangxi from 1990 to 2007
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摘要 目的分析广西1990~2007年流行性乙型脑炎(简称乙脑)流行趋势和流行特征,为制定乙脑预防控制策略提供依据。方法对1990~2007年全区乙脑传染病疫情报告资料进行分析。结果1990~2007年共报告乙脑病例7839例,死亡600例,年均发病率为0.95/10万,年均死亡率为0.07/10万,年均病死率为7.65%,1990~1998年发病率较高,年均发病率为1.29/10万,1999年后发病率明显降低,1999~2007年年均发病率为0.62/10万;疫情以散发为主,偶有局部暴发疫情。结论广西乙脑发病率总体呈下降趋势,但各年度发病率波动较大,局部暴发流行的威胁仍存在,应继续加强防控。 Objective To analyze the characteristics and trends of Japanese B encephalitis (JE) epidemic in Guangxi from 1990 to 2007. and provide the guide for the further work of JE prevention and control. Methods The data from the infectious disease surveillance and reporting system from 1990 to 2007 were collected. Results The total cases were 7839 from 1990 to 2007, of whom 600 people died, the average incidence rate and mortality rate were 0. 95/100, 000 and 0. 07/100, 000 respectively. The average fatality rate was 7.65%. From 1990 to 1998, the average incidence rate was 1.29/ 100, 000, after 1999, the incidence rate declining obviously, the average incidence rate was 0.62/ 100, 000 from 1999 to 2007. The JE cases were scattered distribution and sometimes there existed JE outbreak in local area. Conclusions Although the incidence rate of JE in Guangxi is in declining trend, but the incidence rate is changing largely and the threat of JE outbreak in local area still exists, so we need to strengthen the control measures.
作者 谭毅 谢艺红 周开姣 闭福银 李海 TAN Yi, XIE Yi-hong, ZHOU Kai-jiao, et al( Guangxi Zhuang Autonomic Region Center for Disease Prevention and Control, Nanning 530028, China)
出处 《应用预防医学》 2008年第6期 323-325,共3页 Journal of Applied Preventive Medicine
基金 基金项目:广西医疗卫生自筹经费计划课题(Z2008204)
关键词 乙脑 流行特征 Japanese B encephalitis Epidemiologic characteristics
作者简介 谭毅(1963-),男,广西贵港市人,博士,主任医师,主要从事虫媒及病毒性疾病防治研究工作。
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