Objective To investigate the natural infection and genotype of Japanese encephalitis virus in mosquitoes and swine in some areas of Zhejiang province. Methods Samples of mosquitoes and sera of swine were collected in three counties （Xianju,Longquan and Cixi）of Zhejiang province from May to October in 2007.10 662 mosquitoes were collected during 2007, of which, C. pipiens pallens and C. quinquefasciatus were the most dominant species and 204 pig serum samples were detected. Japanese encephalitis virus in mosquitoes were detected by virus isolation and real time RT-PCR. The antibody against Japanese encephalitis virus in swine was detected by ELISA. The isolated strain were identified by real time RT-PCR. The PrM gene of the isolated strain was amplified by RT-PCR. Three strains were typed by the gene of PrM. Results Seven positive mosquitoe samples were identified by real time RT-PCR. Three strains were isolated and identified by real time RT-PCR. The PrM gene was cloned and sequenced. The phylogenetic analysis showed that three isolates belong to genotype I of Japanese encephalitis virus. Of 204 swine serum samples, 121 positive samples were identified positives. Above 50% sera samples from swine were positive in June. Conclusion The vector of Japanese encephalitis virus existed and carried the Japanese encephalitis virus in these areas of Zhejiang province. Three strains of Japanese encephalitis virus were isolated from mosquito pools collected in Zhejiang province. It should be the first isolation of genotype I Japanese encephalitis virus in Zhejiang province in recent years.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine