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中国国家线性文化遗产网络构建 预览 被引量:46

ON THE CONSTRUCTION OF THE NATIONAL LINEAR CULTURE HERITAGE NETWORK IN CHINA
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摘要 全球化与快速城市化背景下,中华大地上的文化遗产受到了前所未有的威胁与破坏,特别是在国家历史上对维护国家政治稳定、经济发展、社会进步与文化交流发挥过重要作用的线性文化遗产亟待引起重视并得到系统保护。本文着重探讨了国家线性文化遗产网络的构建途径。通过将文献研究与专家问卷德尔斐法相结合,判别出了由19个线性文化遗产约250.000km线性要素所构成的国家线性文化遗产网络。以期在国土尺度上建立一个集生态与文化保护、休闲游憩、审美启智与教育等多功能为一体的线性文化遗产网络,在中华大地上形成一个彰显民族身份、延续历史文脉、保障人地关系和谐的文化“安全格局”。 The globalization and speedy urbanization challenge the protection and preservation of cultural heritage sites on China's national landscape. Playing an important role in the maintenance of political stability, economic development, social progress and cultural exchanges in Chinese history, the linear cultural heritages require immediate attention and shall be systematically analyzed and protected, which fall into various categories of cultural heritage types such as Cultural Routes, Heritage Canals, Heritage Corridors, and each of which has the potential to be a World Heritage and can all together be integrated into a network covering most regions of China. It is a new model of thinking about the cultural heritage as a system, to upgrade the management level of the Chinese cultural heritages. This paper discusses how a national linear cultural heritage network can be built. Through literature analysis and Delphi method, this paper identifies and recommends 19 important linear cultural heritages attributed to 4 types including transportation lines, military engineering works, natural river courses and hydraulic engineering projects, as well as cultural exchange routes in the history. In terms of spatial scale, these linear cultural heritages range from national scale to regional scale. The network of linear cultural heritages covers almost all the regions in China, from land to waters. In total, the network is composed of 19 linear cultural heritages, accounting for about 250,000 km in length, forming the cultural security pattern on the landscape that safeguards China's cultural identity and can be integrated with the ecological network and greenway systems to serve multiple purposes of recreation, aesthetics appreciation, education, as well as the goal of building a harmony relationship between the land and people, between the past and the present, and act as a spiritual linkage between the people and their mother land at the grassroots.
作者 俞孔坚 奚雪松 李迪华 李海龙 刘柯 YU Kong-jian, XI Xue-song, LI Di-hua, LI Hailong, LIU Ke (Graduate School of Landscape Architecture, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China)
出处 《人文地理》 CSSCI 北大核心 2009年第3期 11-16,116,共7页 Human Geography
基金 国家文物局文物保护科学和技术研究项目(第20030100项) 科技部攻关课题(第2004BA516A18项):国家环境保护总局项目.本文的调查问卷工作得到了全国各地211位专家的鼎力支持,不能列举.以上课题由俞孔坚、李迪华主持,除本文作者外,本研究还得到了北京大学景观设计学研究院贾蒙、陈曦、程成、王倚天、郑一就、门璐、王洁晶、廖慧恰、胡佳文、唐慧超、李怡然、王钊、牛津、高雅清、张坤、张莺、王玉瑜等广大师生的积极参与和大力协助,在此一并致谢.
关键词 线性文化遗产 遗产网络 遗产保护 景观规划 国土生态基础设施 cultural heritage linear cultural heritage cultural route heritage corridor heritage network landscape planning ecological infrastructure
作者简介 俞孔坚(1963-),男,浙江金华人,北京大学景观设计学研究院院长、教授、博导,研究方向为景观规划与景观生态等。E-mail KJ@turenscape.com.
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