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手足口病流行病学研究进展 被引量:406

A review on the advancement of epidemiology on hand- foot-mouth disease
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摘要 手足口病(hand—foot—mouth disease)是世界范围内流行的儿童常见病,可由多种病毒感染引起,以发热和手、足、口腔等部位出现皮疹或疱疹为主要特征。少数患儿可出现脑炎、急性弛缓性麻痹、脑水肿和心肌炎等严重并发症,病情进展快,易发生死亡。近十多年来,手足口病在许多国家和地区,特别是亚太地区发生过多次较大规模的暴发或流行,引起一定数量儿童的死亡,越来越受到各国的关注。众多研究表明,感染病毒的类型决定了疾病的严重程度,肠道病毒71型(EV71)较其他病毒毒株更易导致出现重症病例,甚至死亡病例。为进一步了解手足口病,特别是EV71感染所致手足口病的流行概况、传播模式和分子流行病学研究进展,指导防制工作,现综述如下。
作者 孙军玲 张静 SUN Jun-ling, ZHANG Jing. (Office for Disease Control and Emergency Response, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing 100050, China)
出处 《中华流行病学杂志》 CAS 北大核心 2009年第9期973-976,共4页 Chinese Journal of Epidemiology
关键词 手足口病 流行病学 Hand- foot-mouth disease Epidemiology
作者简介 通信作者:张静,Email:jkccdc@vip.sina.com
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参考文献47

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