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20世纪90年代以来我国甘蔗产业和科技的新发展 预览 被引量:122

New Developments in Sugarcane Industry and Technologies in China since 1990s
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摘要 20世纪90年代以来,以广西为主要代表的旱地蔗区在中央和主产省(区)政府的支持下,依靠科技进步,研究推广适应旱坡地的高产高糖甘蔗良种及先进适用的旱地甘蔗栽培技术如机械深耕深松、节水灌溉(喷灌和滴灌)、酒精发酵液定量还田作液肥、智能化施肥、地膜覆盖、健康种苗、病虫草鼠害综合防治、蔗叶还田、化学调控等技术,大幅度提高了甘蔗的单产和蔗糖分,糖厂农务技术服务体系开始实现信息化,实现了我国甘蔗糖业的跨越式发展,甘蔗基础研究和应用基础研究也得到进一步加强。同时积极开展国际合作与交流,提升了我国的甘蔗科研水平;主持举办多次甘蔗国际学术会议,组织成立国际糖业科技协会(IAPSIT),秘书处永久设在中国,使我国逐步成为国际甘蔗学术交流的中心。 Since 1990s,under the support of the central and provincial governments,the upland sugarcane growing areas represented by Guangxi have greatly improved the productivity and sucrose content in sugarcane depending on breeding and popularization of new elite sugarcane varieties,development and extension of advanced and adopted new sugarcane cultivation technologies such as deep plough and soil ripping by machines,water-saving irrigation including sprinkle and drip irrigations,rational application of vinasse as liquid fertilizer,intellectual fertilization,plastic film mulching,application of virus free seedcanes,integrated controls of diseases,pests and weeds,trash incorporation into fields,chemical regulation of crop growth etc.Information technologies have being applied in management of sugarcane production,harvest,transportation and processing.These have played significant roles in realizing the leap over development of Chinese sugar industry.The basic researches for sugarcane have been emphasized and significant progresses have made.Active international exchanges have benefited the industry and promoted the sugarcane research levels in China.Several important international conferences on sugarcane technologies have been held and the International Association of Professionals in Sugar and Integrated Technologies(IAPSIT) have been established and run well with its permanent Secretariat in China,making China an international academic exchange center for sugarcane.
作者 李杨瑞 杨丽涛 LI Yang-rui, YANG Li-tao (1. Guangxi Crop Genetic Improvement and Biotechnology Lab, Guangxi Nanning 530007, China; 2. Guangxi Academy of Agricultural Sci- ences,Guangxi Nanning 530007, China; 3. Sugarcane Research Center, Chinese Academy of Agricultund Sciences, Guangxi Nanning 530007, China; 4. Guangxi Key laboratory of Subtropical Bioresource Conservation and Utilization, Guangxi Nanning 530005, China; 5. Sugarcane Research Institute, Guangxi University,Guangxi Nanning 530005, China)
出处 《西南农业学报》 北大核心 2009年第5期 1469-1476,共8页 Southwest China Journal of Agricultural Sciences
基金 国家科技支撑计划项目(2007BAD30803) 广西科技攻关重点项目(桂科攻0782004-3) 现代农业产业技术体系建设专项资金资助.
关键词 甘蔗 产业 科技 发展 中国 China Sugarcane Industry Technology Development
作者简介 李杨瑞(1957-),男,广西北流人,博士,教授,博士生导师,主要从事甘蔗研究工作。E-mail:liyr@gxaas.net。
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