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厚皮甜瓜冬春茬栽培整枝方式研究 预览 被引量:7

Pruning Method of Melon Production in Sunny Greenhouse During Winter-spring Season
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摘要 为了探求不同栽培整枝方式对日光温室冬春茬厚皮甜瓜熟性、产量、品质和商品性状的影响,进行了4种栽培整枝方式比较试验。结果表明:甜瓜采收期以爬地栽培单蔓整枝方式最早。比吊蔓栽培单蔓整枝方式和爬地栽培双蔓整枝方式早3d.比对照爬地栽培3蔓整枝方式早8d。单果质量、总产量、可溶性固形物含量均以吊蔓栽培单蔓整枝方式最高。吊蔓单蔓方式单果质量(755g)高出对照335g;667m^2总产量达2926kg,比对照增产56.6%;中心可溶性固形物17.5%,高出对照2个百分点;且甜瓜果面光洁,果色均匀,果形周正,口感风味好,商品性状优良。据此.建议冬春茬厚皮甜瓜保护地栽培宜推广吊蔓单蔓整枝栽培方式,以取得优质高产高效。 Effects of pruning methods on maturity,yield,quality and marketable quality of melon,growing in sunny greenhouse during winter-spring season,were studied using four pruning methods. Single stem pruning without trellis had earliest maturity,3 days earlier than single stem pruning and trellising and double stem without trellising,and 8 days earlier than 3 stem pruning without trellising. Single stem pruning with trellis produced heaviest fruit,highest yield and highest total soluble solid contents. The single stem pruning with trellising produced fruit with weight of 755 grams,335 grams heavier than the control; total yield of 2 926 kg per 667 m^2,56.6% higher than that of control;and soluble solid contents of 17.5% ,2% higher than that of control. The fruit produced with the single stem and trellis treatment were shiny,uniform for color and shape,and good in flavor. We recommend the pruning method of single stem and trellis for melon production in sunny greenhouse during winter-spring season for high yield and profit.
作者 常宗堂 李省印 杜军志 司立征 袁万良 张会梅 李立昆 CHANG Zong-tang, LI Sheng-yin, DU Jun-zhi, SI Li-zheng, YUAN Wuan-liang, ZHANG Hui- mei, LI Li-kun (1. College of Horticulture, Northwest A & F University, Yangling, Shaanxi, 712100, China; 2. College of Resources and Environment, Northwest A & F University, Yangling, Shoanxi, 712100, China)
出处 《中国瓜菜》 2010年第1期 7-10,共4页 China Cucurbits And Vegetables
基金 财政部以大学为依托以政府为推动的农业推广模式研究专项(编号YLTG2006-2) 国家西甜瓜产业技术体系西北旱作栽培岗位项目(nyeytx-36-01-02-06)
关键词 厚皮甜瓜 整枝 熟性 产量 品质 Melon Pruning Maturity Yield Quality
作者简介 常宗堂,男,副研究员,主要从事设施瓜菜栽培技术研究和示范推广工作。电话:13572265919;电子信箱:changzt@sina.com
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