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中国交通运输能源消耗水平测算与分析 预览 被引量:46

Calculation and Analysis of Transportation Energy Consumption Level in China
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摘要 交通运输能源消耗数据已经成为决策者高度关注的信息.论文分析了中国交通运输能耗统计数据与国际统计口径的差异,认为目前中国的统计中缺少了对社会及私人汽车、摩托车、低速汽车(农用运输汽车)等的能耗数据.建立了基于车辆使用的交通能耗测算模型,计算了相关参数.结果表明,依国际口径修正后,2007年中国交通运输石油能耗占全部石油终端能耗的比例为60.1%(按国内统计数据为36.4%),交通运输总能耗在全部终端能耗中的比例为12.7%(按国内统计数据为8.1%).同时比较了中国和其他发达国家的交通能耗水平数据,发现中国人均能耗及交通运输能耗比例虽然相对比较低,但近几年增长迅速. The data of transportation energy consumption has aroused high attention of the decision-makers.The paper analyzes the differences between the statistical data of transportation energy consumption in China and the international statistical caliber,and thinks that the data of private vehicle,motorcycle,low-speed vehicle(agricultural automobile) are lack in the statistics of China.It develops a calculation model of transportation energy consumption based on the vehicle driving and calibrates related parameters.The result shows that,based on the correction of international caliber,the transportation accounts for 60.1%(36.4% according to the domestic statistics) of the total petroleum end-use consumption,and the transportation accounts for 12.7%(8.1% according to the domestic statistics) of the total energy end-use consumption.The paper also compares the transportation energy consumption level of China with other developed countries,and finds that the energy consumption per capita and the transportation energy consumption proportion are relatively low in China,but increase rapidly in recent years.
作者 贾顺平 毛保华 刘爽 孙启鹏 JIA Shun-ping,MAO Bao-hua,LIU Shuang, SUN Qi-peng(1.Integrated Transport Research Center of China,Beijing Jiaotong University,Beijing 100044,China;2.Chang'an University,Xi'an 710064,China)
出处 《交通运输系统工程与信息》 EI CSCD 2010年第1期 22-27,共6页 Transportation Systems Engineering and Information
基金 能源基金会项目(G-0811-10565) 国家自然科学基金资助项目(70971010) 北京市教委产学研联合博士生培养基地建设项目(BJ2009-04)
关键词 综合交通运输 能源消耗 交通运输能耗 车辆行驶 石油能源消耗 integrated transportation energy consumption transportation energy consumption vehicle driving petroleum consumption
作者简介 贾顺平(1963-),山西省山阴县人,教授,博士.通讯作者:jiashunping@jtys.bjtu.edu.cn
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