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水稻基因整合平台系统供体质粒pURKMT的构建 预览

Construction of Donor Plasmid in the Gene Integration Platform System for Oryza sativa L.
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摘要 提高水稻产量,改良稻米品质是育种学家广泛研究的课题.随着现代生物技术的发展,水稻已成为植物基因工程的重要研究对象.许多实验室已成功地建立了一系列供外源基因转化水稻的系统.但是这些转化系统主要应用Ti质粒衍生的载体,通过T-DNA左右两端的序列将目的基... Many laboratories have set up several foreign gene transformation systems for rice. But these transformation systems were all used T DNA system of Ti plasmid, then the foreign gene integrated into plant genomes DNA by means of the insertion of both ends of T DNA. The integrated target of T DNA in plant genome DNA is random, while the thoroughly random integration would interfere with self stable system of plant genome, which could lead to pernicious mutation. In this study, according to the mechanism of homologous recombination, we had constructed a new donor plasmid for indica rice.It would cause the foreign gene intergated into chromsomal rDNA locus. According to the known sequence of ribosomal DNA, we cloned the 2.5kb fragment of it by PCR, and used the fragment as the integrated homologous sequence. After subcloning foreign DNA including nptII gene and metallothionein gene at the end of homologous fragment, the donor plasmid pURKMT which will integrate into the genomes DNA of indica rice was constructed. Then, donor plasmid pURKMT was introduced into calli of indica rice (Jiahe NO.7) by electroporation. Screened by kanamycin, the transformant calli which was integrated the foreign DNA were selected. Dot blotting data showed that the foreign DNA including nptII gene and MT gene has integrated into rice genome DNA.
作者 徐虹 章军 Xu Hong Zhang Jun Yang Hanjin Lou Shilin (Dept. of Biol.,Xiamen Univ., Xiamen 361005)
出处 《厦门大学学报:自然科学版》 CAS CSCD 北大核心 1999年第2期 157-160,共4页 Journal of Xiamen University(Natural Science)
关键词 水稻 基因整合平台 供体质粒 pURKMT 育种 Homologous recombination, Gene integration platform, Oryza sativa L.
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