目的 了解2009年全国麻风病流行病学特征.方法 收集2009年度全国麻风病疫情监测资料,采用描述性分析.结果 2009年度共发现新麻风病例1597例,发现率为0.120/10万,其中儿童占2.4%、多菌型占84.3%、2级畸残占22.8%.2009年度共发现复发病例148例,其中69例为联合化疗后复发.至2009年底全国尚有现症病例6603例,患病率为0.049/万,其中3332例尚在接受联合化疗.结论 全国麻风病总体处于低流行水平,但分布不均衡,重点流行地区为西南省份.
Objective To study the epidemiological characteristics of leprosy and to provide evidence for specific strategies development on leprosy control. Methods Descriptive analysis of data from the national leprosy surveillance system was carried out in 2009. Results A total number of 1597 new cases were detected in 2009 with a case detection rate of 0.120 per 100 000 population.The proportions of children under 15, multibacillary and disability grade 2 were 2.4%, 84.3% and 22.8% respectively. A total number of 148 relapse cases were reported in 2009, among which 69 cases were those relapsed after multi-drug therapy. The existing cases were 6603 by the end of 2009 with a prevalence rate of 0.049 per 10 000 populations, among which 3332 cases were on multi-drug therapy. Conclusion The overall leprosy situation is considered to be at low endemic in China but the distribution is unequal, with pocket areas in Yunnan, Sichuan and Guizhou. In order to reach the target on leprosy elimination, which was considered as a public health and social problem, the input and efforts are needed for many years to come.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology