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低碳旅游:旅游产业生态化的战略选择 预览 被引量:66

LOW-CARBON TOURISM: THE STRATEGIC CHOICE OF THE TOURISM INDUSTRIAL ECOLOGY
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摘要 在旅游业中发展低碳经济与旅游产业生态化其本质是一致的,核心是旅游产业系统的生态化;构造旅游产业生态系统并形成物质、能源输入输出平衡的旅游产业价值链的全程生态化;旅游产业生态化是一个渐进和反生态性特征日趋削弱、生态性特征逐渐加强的过程。“低碳旅游”的核心是通过在旅游业内发展低碳经济、创新低碳技,术,改变发展模式,最大限度减少二氧化碳排放,是一种缓解旅游生态环境压力的新技术经济范式,是促进旅游产业生态化的战略选择和重要途径。需要因势利导地利用产品导向、环境管理、延伸生产者责任、环境伦理导向、应用科学技术等的策略促进旅游产业生态化发展。 The development of low-carbon economy in tourism is consistent with the implementation of tourism industry ecology in essence. The key of the development of low-carbon economy in tourism industrial is constructing and operating the tourism ecosystem. The core of tourism industry ecology is the tourism sys- tematic ecology, which means we should imitate natural ecological system to build tourism industrial ecological system. The aim of the construction of the tourism industrial ecosystem is to establish an industrial network of'resources - products - renewable resources' which is composed of the enterprises and industries from the tourism industrial system as well as a closed circulate network which can balance the input and output of materials and energy sources in the tourism industrial system. The tourism industrial ecology is a gradual process in which the characteristic of anti-ecological becomes weak and the ecological characteristic becomes distinct. So the tourism industry is brought into the material circulatory system ofeco-system. The core of 'low-carbon tourism' is that developing the low-carbon economy, innovating low-carbon technologies and changing the development pattern. Therefore, the carbon dioxide emissions will be minimized. Low-carbon tourism is a model of new technical economy which requires the enterprises in tourism industry optimize the use structure of energy, control the pollution. Finally, the authors conclude that low carbon tourism as a new developing mode is a strategic choice and an important way to enhance tourism industrial ecology, which makes the sustainable development of tourism industry possible. Also, the authors put forward some strategies to promote the tourism industrial ecology. (1) The strategy of product-oriented production. (2) The strategy of environment management. (3) The strategy of extending producers' responsibility. (4) The strategy of environ- ment ethics oriented development. (5) The strategy of the application of science and te
作者 明庆忠 陈英 李庆雷 MING Qing-zhong, CHEN Ying, Li Qing-lei (College of Tounsm and Geography, Yunnan Normal University, Kunming 550092, China)
出处 《人文地理》 CSSCI 北大核心 2010年第5期 22-26,127,共6页 Human Geography
基金 国家社科基金项目(2007XYJ030) 云南省哲学社会科学规划课题(《旅游区循环经济生态系统优化及其策略研究》):云南师范大学2009年度人文社科重大项目《云南旅游产业生态化研究》 云南省旅游产业研究基地资助
关键词 低碳旅游 旅游产业生态化 新技术经济范式 旅游可持续发展 low-carbon tourism tourism industry ecology new technical economic model tourism sustain- able development
作者简介 明庆忠(1963~),男,教授,博士,博士生导师,主要从事区域研究与旅游规划的教学与科研工作。E-mail:mingqz2513@sina.com
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