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论清代改流与中国西南疆域的整合 预览 被引量:1

The Power-shift Movement in the Qing Dynasty and the Territorial Integration of Southwest China
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摘要 清雍正以来西南土司区域大规模的改流活动,对中国西南疆域的整合有着重要的意义。通过改流,独立的土司辖区不复存在,被纳入中央政府直接管辖的行政版图内,行政区划与内地划一。随着行政区划的统一,中原王朝"夷夏大防"的文化隔离政策随之取消,转而在原土司区域大力推行以儒家文化为代表的华夏汉文化。在此过程中,西南土著居民自愿不自愿地完成中原文化认同。行政区划的统一,中原文化认同的加强,西南土司区域自此被完全整合进中国国家疆域之中,成为其不可分割的重要组成部分。 The large scale Power-shift Movement (from the local chieftains to Han officials) in the Qing dynasty initially carried out by Yongzheng Emperor had much significance to the territorial integration of southwest China. After this power-shift movement,there was no more local Tusi-governed district in southwest China,and its administrative division was the same as that of the interior of China under the control of the Central Government. With this,the Central Government abolished the policy of cultural isolation between the local ethnic groups and the Han people,and tried to popularize Han culture in these areas,especially Confucianism. During this process,the local ethnic groups began to identify themselves with the Central Plains Culture willingly or not. As a result,the former local Tusi-governed districts were fully integrated into China's territory.
作者 黄秀蓉 HUANG Xiu-rong (School of History and Culture,Southwest University of China,Chongqing 400715,China)
出处 《云南师范大学学报:哲学社会科学版》 CSSCI 2010年第6期 31-37,共7页 Journal of Yunnan Normal University(Philosophy and Social Sciences Edition)
关键词 西南疆域 改土归流 行政区划 文化认同 territory of southwest China Power-shift Movement administrative division cultural identity
作者简介 黄秀蓉(1977-),女,重庆人,土家族,西南大学讲师,湖南师范大学历史文化学院在站博士后,研究方向为南方民族历史文化。
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