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“ヽ”的历史源流及作用 预览

The Origin and Evolution of the Slash Point Mark "ヽ"
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摘要 "ヽ"最初是作为一种句读符号的身份出现的,其源头可上溯至春秋战国时期的文献材料中。《侯马盟书》的盟辞中业已使用,细小一点的用于句子中间,表示短暂的停顿,相当于今天的顿号、逗号;粗大一点的用于誓辞之末,表示文意的完结,相当于今天的句号。到了秦代,这种"点"的形状稍有变化,不再写成斜点,而是写成圆点了。到了西汉,点号的使用更为广泛,形体上也有一些变化,有大圆点、中圆点、短顿点、长顿点几种。东汉时期,点号进入了字典和经书之中。许慎在《说文解字》中收有"ヽ"。熹平石经中用圆点为篇号、章号。此后,点号可以用作着重号和灭除号。到了唐代,点号又可用作校对符号。宋明时期,点号还可以有别的用途。到了近代,可用于着重号、句读号等。解放后新中国制定的第一套"标点符号用法"中有顿点和圆点两种,分别表示顿号和着重号。 The slash point mark "ヽ" was firstly used as a mark of judou(sentence separation).Earliest records of its use are found in the documents of Spring and Autumn and later Warring State periods.It has appearances in the oaths of Houma Meng Shu(Oath for Alliance in Houma).In form of smaller point it is used amid a sentence representing a short pause,which functions similar to comma or dunhao(sign for parallel items in modern Chinese language);and in form of larger point it is used at end of the oath expressing end of the speech,which functions similar to period.In Qin Dynasty,the point underwent a slight formal change:it was no longer slant point,but a round point.In the Western Han Dynasty,the point was used more widely and in more forms including large round point,middle round point,short slash point and long slash point.In the Eastern Han Dynasty,the point was formally used in dictionaries and sutras;for example,in Xu Shen's Shuo Wen Jie Zi(Essay-based Explanation of Chinese Characters) there is record of slash point "ヽ",and in Xiping Shi Jing(Stone Carving of Xingping Period) there are points used as mark of a chapter or a section.Later the point was also used as emphasis mark or omission mark.In Tang Dynasty,the point was also used for proofreading mark.In Song an Ming dynasties,the point was further attached with other functions.In modern Chinese language period,the point was used as emphasis mark and judou mark.In the new age,the People's Republic set up its first "Rules for Use of Punctuation Marks" in which there are rules for slash point as dunhao and round point as emphasis mark.
作者 萧世民 萧红艳 XIAO Shi-min,XIAO Hong-yan(1.School of Humanities,Jinggangshan University,Ji'an 343009,China; 2.Medicine and Humanity Department,Beijing University of Chinese Medicine,Beijing 100029,China)
出处 《井冈山大学学报:社会科学版》 2011年第1期 93-96,共4页
关键词 点号 句读符号 篇章号 着重号 灭除号 校对符号 point jundou mark chapter/section mark emphasis mark omission mark proofreading mark
作者简介 萧世民(1950-),男,江西吉安县人,教授,主要从事古代汉语研究。 萧红艳(1977-),女,江西吉安县人,讲师,在读博士,主要从事中医文献学研究。
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