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基于多时相遥感影像的东北三省作物分布信息提取 预览 被引量:40

Crop planting extraction based on multi-temporal remote sensing data in Northeast China
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摘要 该文选用覆盖东北三省2007年主要作物发育期内14个时相MODIS NDVI 250m16d影像、2005年Landsat ETM+30m影像和大量地面调查数据,借助ISODATA非监督分类算法、作物植被系数变化曲线光谱耦合技术和GoogleEarth工具,提取了主要作物分布的空间信息。基于Landsat ETM+30m影像采用亚像素估算方法对耕地面积系数进行了计算,分别估算了东北三省的耕地、水稻、玉米和大豆的面积,并用各个县级地图做掩模提取了耕地、水稻、玉米和大豆的面积,与同期的统计数据组成4组配对样本进行对比验证。结果表明,4组数据经配对样本的T检验都呈显著性差异,耕地相关系数最高为0.92,依次为玉米、水稻和大豆,都在0.68以上,与统计数据吻合较好,而分析结果位置精度为85.7%,提取结果能较好的反映东北三省主要农作物的空间分布状况,可为其他区域尺度主要作物空间分布信息的提取提供借鉴。 Crop area and its spatial distribution are generally considered to be essential data inputs for crop yield estimation,assessment of water productivity and adjustment of cropping structure to support science and policy applications focused on understanding the role and response of the agricultural sector to environmental change issues. The objective of this research was to evaluate the applicability of time-series MODIS 250m normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) data for large-area crop mapping over Northeast China. Spatial pattern of crop planting was obtained based on 16-day time-series MODIS 250m NDVI data from 2007 to 2008,Landsat enhanced thematic mapper plus (ETM+) images,and ground truth data using Optimal Iteration Unsupervised Classification,spectral matching technique (SMT) and Google Earth. Sub-pixel area fraction estimate was applied to estimate cropland area,rice area,spring maize area and soybean area. We found that the position precision was 85.7%,their correlation coefficient compared with statistic was 0.916,0.685,0.746 and 0.681 respectively,and that there was significant difference between these groups by using paired samples test. Results indicated that the method can accurately reflect various crop distributions in Northeast China and be applied for large-area crops classification and crop planting extraction.
作者 郝卫平 梅旭荣 蔡学良 杜建涛 刘勤 Hao Weiping,Mei Xurong,Cai Xueliang,Du Jiantao,Liu qin(1. Institute of Environment and Sustainable Development in Agriculture,CAAS Beijing 100081; 2. Key laboratory of Dryland Agriculture,MOA,Beijing 100081; 3. International Water Management Institute,Southern Africa Office,Private Bag X 813,Silverton,0184,Pretoria,South Africa.)
出处 《农业工程学报》 EI CAS CSCD 北大核心 2011年第1期201-207,I0002共8页 Transactions of the Chinese Society of Agricultural Engineering
基金 2010基本科研业务费(BSRF201006) 国际科技合作项目(2010DFB30550) 国家基础性工作专项“中国农业气候资源数字化图集编制” GEF项目农业综合开发适应气候变化项目课题研究
关键词 遥感 MODIS NDVI 光谱耦合技术 亚像素估算 东北三省 remote sensing MODIS NDVI spectral matching technique sub-pixel area fraction estimation Northeast China
作者简介 郝卫平(1970-),男,内蒙古包头人,副研究员,主要从事旱作农业方面的研究。Email:haowp121@163.com;haoweiping121@ieda.org.cn。 通信作者:刘勤(1982-),男,山东郓城人,助理研究员,主要从事早作农业方面的研究。Email:liuq@ieda.org.cn。
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